Statement of the Problem
This research aims to evaluate the relationship between the level of peace and order in Panglao Bohol and the level of performance of the barangay tanod in maintaining peace and order. To attain a clearer insight into the subject under the study, the following inquiries were formulated:
1. What is the profile of the repondents in terms of:
c. Civil Status
2. What is the level of the peace and order of Panglao Bohol as perceived by residents and tourist in terms of:
a. Sense of Peace
b. Crime Rate
3. What is the volume of tourist arrival in the Municipality of Panglao Bohol for the year:
4. Is there a relationship between the Demographic Profile and the level of the peace and order of Municipality of Panglao?
5. Is there a relationship between the peace and order and the tourist of arrival of Municipality of Panglao?
Significance of the Study
This study is significant to the following:
The Citizens. The result of the study will make the citizens realize the importance of performance of the barangay tanod in maintaining peace and order to the society and to make them understand what the barangay tanod can do to serve and protect them.
The Barangay Officials. The result of the study will be a base of the barangay officials/ officers like the barangay tanod is there to guide the barangay to a peaceful community and also help the police in time of any trouble to the barangay.
The Municipal Officials. The result the study will contribute a betterment of the municipality because the barangay tanod are there ready to help in time of need. The result can be the basis of the municipal officers to craft an ordinance that may further enhance the police and community relation.
The Barangay tanod. This will the barangay tanod will understand the important of having a good relationship between them and to the community. Also the community will have the trust and cooperate in their work like in solving a criminal case to the society.
The Tourist. The result of the study will make the citizens realize the importance of performance of the barangay tanod in maintaining peace and order to the society and to make them understand what the barangay tanod can do to serve and protect them.
The Researchers. The result of the study will serve as an avenue for them to discover the importance and to have knowledge about the performance of the barangay tanod.
The Future Researchers. The future researchers may utilize the data or result of this study or future reference in conducting similar study.
To achieve the goal of this study , a descriptive survey method was employed by the researcher with the aid of questioners to gather necessary data.
Environment and Participants
The study will be conducted in the Municipality of Inabanga Bohol the 4th class municipality in the province of Bohol, Philippines. According to the 2015 census, it has a population of 33,553 people.
In the conduct of theis study, the researcher used a survey questioner. It asked individuals to indicate their comments and experiences.
Data Gathering Procedure
The researcher asked permission from the Dean of the College of Business Arts and Sciences to conduct the study. If the permit will be granted, the researcher will request to the participating barangays to conduct the study.
With a specific end goal to accumulate information, the researcher led individual meetings to the leader of the peace and request panels of the subject barangays. A semi-organized survey was utilized in the meeting and further inquiries have been raised amid interviews. Additionally, the entire meeting was sound recorded for the conservation of the interviewee’s answers. Reports were asked for and given to the specialist that incorporates barangay profile and map. After the meeting materials and hardware utilized by the peace and request advisory group together with the Barangay Peace and Security Officer or the tanod were exhibited to the analyst and has been captured for documentation.
To the Respondents:
The reseacher is conducting a study on “Level of performance of the barangay tanod in m,aintaining peace and order of Inabanga Bohol.” In connection with this i ask for your cooperation in answering the following questions with honesty
The records of responses will be treated with outmost confidentiality. Thank you and more power!
Instructions: Please fill in the needed information.
I. BACKGROUND INFORMATION
Below 20 21-30 31-40 41-50
51 and above
C. Civil Status
Single Married Widowed Separated
C. Years of Residency
If resident how many years living in the area?
Below 5 years 6-15 years 15 years and above
If visitor how many times visited the area ?
Once 2-3 times More than 5 times
Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations states that one of the purposes of the United Nations is to “bring about by peaceful means, and in conformity with the principles of justice and international law, adjustment or settlement of international disputes or situations which might lead to a breach of the peace.” The rule of law ensures that international law and the principles of justice apply equally to all States and are equally adhered to. Respect for the rule of law generates an enabling environment for achieving the purposes of the Charter.
Article 33 of the Charter is critical for the prevention of conflict and the peaceful settlement of disputes. Parties to an international dispute have access to diverse measures and mechanisms for dispute resolution, including negotiation, enquiry, mediation, conciliation, arbitration, judicial settlement and resort to regional agencies or arrangements
Research in the area of peace and tourism has received widespread attention from academicians and practitioners as well. The major focus of the research has been on international tourism, understanding international tourists’ perceptions of tourism, cultural understanding, international goodwill, and tourism as a tool for promoting peace.
Most research done so far (Var, Brayley and Korsay, 1989; Var, Schlutter, Ankonmash, and Lee, 1989; and Ap and Var, 1990) have found that most international tourists have a positive impression and believe that tourism is a major force in promoting world peace and cultural understanding (Khamouna and Zeiger, 1995).
Tourism is strongly dependent on peace and security (Pizam and Mansfeld, 1996). In other words, tourism is impossible without peace, for instance, remarkably, Vietnam is now a holiday destination. The need for safety and obtaining a secure environment is one of the basic conditions to ensure tourism. Tourism flourishes in a climate of peace and prosperity. Political unrest, war depressions and civil strife discourage tourism (McIntosh et al, 1995). In order to understand the relationship between tourism and peace, it is useful to examine the meaning of peace.
Discussion of the interrelationship of peace and tourism requires understanding the nature of peace and, consequently, of war. Peace, according to most dictionaries, is freedom from war, a precise definition until war is considered. War is strife between nations, or a state of open hostility between nations (Sykes, 1976).
The nature of the concept of peace is very diverse. Beer (1990, p. 15) points out that many theorists deal with peace, but peace theory is not a unified whole. One definition says that within the context of tourism, peace applies to the concept of harmonious relations (Var et al, 1998). War is defined as “the clash of arms among countries” (Mihalic, 1996). International peace has been regarded since the beginning of history as a blessing and its opposite, war, as a scourge. Generally, peace is defined negatively as the “absence of war” or as the “absence of violence” (Galtung, 1990, p. 9).
A positive definition of peace with relation to tourism was found in Kim and Crompton (1990) who suggested that peace is a state which “removes logistical barriers to travel and psychological notions associated with fear for personal safety and antipathy from prospective hosts”. Peace is a condition where military force is not currently being applied and is not reasonably expected or anticipated in the future whether that force be from external sources (Burnett & Uysal, 1990). A multidimensional definition of peace cited in D’Amore (1988a; 1988b), was the Russian definition: “It implies peace and tranquillity within ourselves, peace with our fellow humans and between nations, peace with nature and our spaceship earth, peace within the universe”.
Peace for those concerned with academic or practical aspects of tourism must be redefined (Bregha, 1989). Peace is a condition where military force is not currently being applied and is not reasonably expected or anticipated in the future whether that force be from external or internal sources.
The proposed definition recognizes that many places are not actively engaged in war but neither are they at peace in the sense that violence of military proportions would come as no surprise. Active war discourages tourists, but the prospect of war and widespread violence equally deter all but the most courageous travellers. The definition also admittedly avoids a gray area where gangsterism is sufficient to discourage tourists (Burnett and Uysal, 1990).
This study is based from the provision of paragrapgh (e) Article 1 of the Charter of the United Nations otherwise known as the Rules of Law and Peace and Security. (a) Article 33 of the Charter is critical for the prevention of conflict and the peaceful settlement of disputes.