The Complexity Of Raskolnikov English Literature Essay

September 15, 2017 English Literature

The root of Raskolnikov ‘s last name is “ raskol ” which means “ schismatic, ” or “ to divide ” . Dostoyevsky lets his audience know right off that Raskolnikov has a split personality, when he goes from being perfectly terrified of his landlady to absurdly angry at her. Raskolnikov ‘s double personality is emphasized once more when he objects to Dunya ‘s matrimony to Luzhin, denoting “ If you marry Luzhin, I cease to look on you as a sister ” ( 229 ) . This is his humane, compassionate side speech production in which he envisions his sister giving herself by come ining into an intolerable matrimony. Then merely a few seconds subsequently, he all of a sudden reverses, proclaiming “ What am I doing such a dither for? Marry whom you like ” ( 229 ) . This peculiar reversal from compassionate to rational is initiated by Dunya ‘s awful justification of her matrimony, stating “ If I ruin anyone, it is merely myself. I am non perpetrating a slaying ” ( 229 ) . This statement reminds Raskolnikov of the slaying he committed and makes him experience superior to those such as Dunya who haven t committed such awful offenses, and hence, he must non care whom Dunya marries. When an happening makes him believe of dissatisfaction or hatred, such as his first experience with the pawnbroker, his personality reflects those negative actions and he becomes a disturbed, homicidal adult male. On the contrary, when a state of affairs calls for compassion, he is a caring adult male who can is happy to assist others. For illustration, when Marmeladov is killed, and Raskolnikov carries him place and gives all of his cherished money to Marmeladov s household, even though he is despairing for money to pay off his rent. If non for the compassionate side of Raskolnikov, he would lose all support from the reader and likely go the adversary instead than the supporter.

His double personality is besides seen when he plans and performs the existent slaying. Even though Raskolnikov has been sing the slaying for six hebdomads, he has concerned himself merely with the general lineations of his program and has non worked out existent inside informations. Therefore, his trouble subsequently occurs because he “ put off piddling inside informations, until he could believe in it all ” ( 73 ) . Therefore, he must perpetrate the slaying before he has wholly planned it out. As a consequence to his hapless planning he ends up with merely an axe to perpetrate the slaying. When he eventually murders Alyona he uses the blunt side of the axe and bludgeons the organic structure repeatedly even after she is dead. In contrast, the slaying of Lizaveta is rapidly finished by a rapid shot of the crisp side of the axe. In this double slaying, he has premeditatedly murdered Alyona, the cold wicked pawnbroker to turn out a theory to himself. In the 2nd slaying, Lizaveta, who is friendly, humane, and compassionate, is outright killed by accident. In a nonliteral mode, the two slayings represent the double facets of Raskolnikov ‘s character. The slaying of Alyona represents his malicious side because he used the blunt terminal to bring down every bit much hurting as possible. Whereas Lizaveta s slaying, shows a more compassionate side because he was upset he had to kill her, so he made it as speedy and painless as possible by killing her in one Swift shot of the axe.

Raskolnikov believes work forces are in general divided by a jurisprudence of nature into two classs, inferior ( ordinary ) , that is, so to state, stuff that serves merely to reproduce its sort, and ( extraordinary ) work forces who have the gift or the endowment to express a new word ( 243 ) . Therefore, Raskolnikov believes there are work forces in society who are below others, the bibulous work forces, while other work forces are above the jurisprudence, people such as himself. The justification for these extraordinary work forces to hold the right to interrupt the jurisprudence is because if they are non held to a greater criterion, they will discontinue to be great. The most obvious illustration of Raskolnikov s theory is when he commits the two slayings. Raskolnikov feels this is an acceptable thing for him to make because he is an extraordinary adult male. As he faces the effects of the slaying he comes to recognize he killed himself more than the old beldam, and his theory no longer applies. Alternatively of being an extraordinary adult male, he now faces the isolation and guilt accompanied with slaying.

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One ground why Raskolnikov may hold developed such a nihilistic theory is from his upseting childhood memories. In one dream, Raskolnikov is in his childhood and he is walking with his male parent, and sees an old Equus caballus acquire viciously beaten to decease by its proprietor, while being cheered on by nearby rummies. Raskolnikov so, experiencing great compassion for the now dead Equus caballus, falls to the land and begins embracing and snoging it. The decease of the female horse clearly had an impact on the mind of Raskolnikov, particularly when he was immature. This experience, along with others caused Raskolnikov s morbid and violent position of world. In his traumatic experience, the bibulous work forces heartening for the whipping of the Equus caballus represent society, while the slayer represents those who cause the unfairnesss in the universe. It is Raskolnikov s belief that it is up to the superior work forces to kill those who cause the unfairnesss in the universe, such as the adult male who killed the Equus caballus or the pawnbroker, if it will assist the universe. Once he has to confront world after perpetrating the slaying, he realizes his theory may non hold been every bit true as he thought which leads him to a dark depression and isolation.

Throughout the narrative, Raskolnikov has several panic onslaughts and dislocations. Equally shortly as he got home from the slaying he had turned everything over to the last togss and shreds, and distrusting himself, went through his hunt three times, making whatever he could make to conceal the grounds of his offense ( 86 ) . From the minute he committed the slaying, he became a slave to his guilt and fright. Raskolnikov plans to turn himself in several times throughout the novel, and each clip he gets closer to really making so. It is obvious he is improbably sorry of his offense and the guilt is like malignant neoplastic disease eating off at his organic structure. The huge emphasis causes Raskolnikov to move more acrimonious and unprompted to his friends and household and the compassion he one time had slowly thaws off. When his friend Razumihkin offers to assist him, he snaps stating, “ I do n’t desire your kindness. . .I may be thankless, possibly I am average and base, merely go forth me entirely, all of you, for God ‘s interest leave me entirely! ! Leave me entirely! ” ( 177 ) . Raskolnikov is so paranoid he merely wants to insulate himself and shrivel off.

In decision, Raskolnikov s double personality causes him to move otherwise than he means and develop thoughts that seem virtuous to him, but in the long tally prove to be abysmal. His purposes ever seem to be good, which is what keeps him in the favour of the reader. Unfortunate childhood events, poorness, and isolation lead him to pull up a theory that ends up being his death. Dostoevsky s description of Raskolnikov fits that of Russia in the nineteenth century so good, it is impossible to disregard the fact he is noticing on the manner Russia was runing. He uses Raskolnikov s destiny as a theoretical account to foretell the unwanted hereafter if Russia has to come if it continuous its nihilistic, inconsiderate ways.


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