The critical concern Political environment has a very important impact on every business operation no matter what its size, its area of operation. Whether the company is domestic, national, international, large or small political factors of the country it is located in will have an impact on it. And the most crucial & unavoidable realities of international business are that both host and home governments are integral partners. Reflected in its policies and attitudes toward business are a governments idea of how best to promote the national interest, considering its own resources and political philosophy.
A government control’s and restricts a company’s activities by encouraging and offering support or by discouraging and banning or restricting its activities depending on the government. Here steps in international law. International law recognizes the right of nations to grant or withhold permission to do business within its political boundaries and control its citizens when it comes to conducting business. Thus, political environment of countries is a critical concern for the international marketer and he should examine the salient features of political features of global markets they plan to
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Requirement #6: What are six important functions of your national government? Explain how these functions affect your family and local community. | |After the Revolutionary War, the commanding officer, George Washington, relinquished his power encouraged the drafting of a new | | |Constitution. This was one of the first instances of a leader stepping down so that the people could decide their own future and | | |destinies. | | |The preamble to the U. S. Constitution lists six functions of government: | | |1.
To form a more perfect Union – The national government will be fair across different state boundaries, helping keep the union | | |together. | | |2. To establish justice – The government’s responsiblity is to protect those who do obey the law and punish those who do not. | | |3. To insure domestic tranquility – In order that all may lead a tranquil and quiet life, according to their own conscience, in a | | |godlike and dignified manner. | | |4. To provide for the common defense – All life is held as sacred, with the protection of innocent life at the base of capital | | |punishment.
The government is to provided an army for protection from external threats. | | |5. To promote the general welfare – Civil rulers are servants for the general good. All classes of citizens are to be represented | | |equally by any laws the government may pass. The government may not provide or aid special interest groups above others. It is to | | |promote, not provide, for the people. | | |6. To secure the blessings of liberty – As stated in the Declaration of Independence, blessings are endowed upon men by their creator,| | |not a privilege granted by government.
These blessings include life, liberty, and property. Government cannot provide these, only | | |secure them. | | |Many believe that the creation of the Constitution of the United States was inspired by the God of our forefathers. Although not | | |perfect, the U. S. Constitution has lasted for over 200 years and has been the blue print for liberty in many nations around the globe. | | | | | | | Maintenance of Authority. One of the principal functions of government is to remain in power.
Governments do not relinquish their authority unless compelled to do so. Many of the actions of politicians and civil servants can be explained by the need to maintain and enhance their power. Every government strives to increase its legitimacy in the eyes of the people. It may identify itself with ancient traditions, with hope for the future, or with fear of a common enemy. Some governments employ repression, never relaxing their vigils against real or imagined opponents. Even democracies, when threatened, are likely to engage in a search for subversives and “enemies of the people. When a regime draws its main support from a privileged class or group that decreases in numbers and strength, when a government becomes ineffective in handling domestic affairs or countering external threats, or when a society’s consensus on the principles and goals of government evaporates, a government tends to lose authority. The French monarchy in the 18th century and the Russian monarchy in the 20th century were based on aristocracies that had lost much of their legitimacy in the eyes of the people. Eventually these regimes were unable to enforce their laws, and revolutions swept them from power.
Governments tend, therefore, to foster widespread ideological commitment to the nation through patriotic ceremonies, propaganda, and civic education; they employ armed forces and intelligence-gathering organizations for national defense; they maintain police and prison systems to ensure domestic order; and they undertake the administration of supervisory and regulatory functions to carry out national goals by establishing various bureaucracies to handle each complex function. Administration. All governments recognize the principle that the public must be protected and served.
The citizen, in effect, surrenders a degree of individual sovereignty to the government in return for protection of life and property and the delivery of essential services. Governments supervise the resolution of conflicting interests, the workings of the political process, the enforcement of laws and rights, and the monitoring of national income and international trade; they regulate economic and social relationships among individuals and private organizations; and they carry out enterprises such as production of military goods, provision of postal services, and ownership of power utilities and public works.
Among the most basic services provided by government are the printing and coining of money, the provision of roads, sewers, water, education, and social and welfare services. With the growth of the welfare state, governments began to provide services such as social security and health insurance. But the scope of government regulation is now much broader.
In the United States the government sets minimum wages, limits the rates charged by public utilities, buys farm commodities to keep prices up, forbids the sale of harmful foods and drugs, sets standards for gasoline consumption by automobiles, requires manufacturers to install antipollution devices, and monitors the safety of factories. Federal, state, and local governments in the United States also engage directly in economic activity.
They impose taxes, produce and consume goods, sell electric power, lend money to farmers, and insure bank deposits. In other countries governments intrude even further into the workings of the economy. In Western Europe governments own and operate telephone, radio, and television services, railroads, coal mines, and aircraft companies. In some countries, such as Sweden and Great Britain, the entire health system is also run by the state.
In countries with Communist governments, such as the former USSR , North Korea, China, and Cuba, the state has attempted to control the entire economic life of the nation. All economic planning is centralized in the government and its bureaucracies. When the system fails to produce the goods and services expected by the people, the government is forced to increase the level of repression of its citizens in order to remain in power. Roles and |[pic|[pic|[pic| |Functions |] |] |] | |Written by Administrator | |Tuesday, 02 June 2009 09:54 | |The Information Technology Department (ITD) was created by the Royal Government of Cambodia’s Sub decree number 20 GNRK.
BK dated on | |29th February 2008. Having inherited and expanded from the Information and Communication Technology Unit (ICTU) of the Economic and | |Public Finance Policy Department, ITD has the major roles to carry out the Public Financial Management Information System project for | |the entire Government’s line ministries and institution and manage the ICT development, maintenance and other related tasks in the | |Ministry of Economy and Finance. |According to Article 1 of the Ministry of Economy and Finance’s Prakash number dated on 2008, ITD has the major roles and functions to | |endorse the implementation of the «Financial Management Information System (FMIS)» and other relevant projects or tasks related to the | |development and implementation of Information and Communication Technologies within the Ministry of Economy and Finance more | |efficiently as the norm and standard, the Ministry of Economy and Finance decides to assign the Information Technology Department (ITD)| |as its arm the below roles and function: | |Implement the directions, orders or the decision of the Royal Government of Cambodia on all activities related to the ICT Development. | |Develop and strengthen the ICT strategies and policies to patronize the Public Financial Management Reform Program more efficiently and| |transparently. | |Compile and review on the all the laws and regulation which affect or affected to the Financial Management Information System and other| |associated ICT projects. |Improve the implementation of Intellectual Property Right and other laws and regulation related to the exercise of ICT and Internet | |System. | |Implement and manage the Financial Management Information System project in every stage to achieve goal of Public Financial Management | |Reform Program of the Ministry and the Royal Government of Cambodia. | |Account for the procurement on Network Infrastructure, computers, hardware and computer software for all projects that funded by the | |development partners particularly the Financial Management Information System project. | |Take part in the procurement of ICT equipment funded by the national budget in cooperate with other stakeholding departments of the | |Ministry of Economy and Finance. |Cooperate in national, regional and international framework on the ICT development for the Ministry of Economy and Finance on the | |establishment of e-Government, e-Procurement, and e-Commerce etc | |Build the security system and secured data warehouse for the computer users in the Ministry of Economy and Finance. | |Improve the implementation and disseminate the Change Management of the Financial Management Information System project to all | |officials of the Ministry of Economy and Finance at all levels and to every Government’s line ministries and institutes. |Conduct training courses in the FMIS project’s capacity building plan for all Governmental line ministries and institutes by | |cooperating with the Economy and Finance Institute-EFI and other training institutes. | |Support to the national budget preparation and execution through the FMIS project. | |Offer the ICT services such as Internet, email, website, file sharing, video conference and other services to all line departments in | |Ministry of Economy and Finance. | |Answer for the management, maintenance and reparation of computers and ICT equipment and computer software in all line departments of | |Ministry of Economy and Finance. | |Do other ICT related tasks according to the direction of the Ministry of Economy and Finance’s management. |