The for instance, the utility obtained from

April 10, 2019 Law

The theoretical framework of this study is anchored on the theory of public enforcement of law by A.M Polinsky and Steven Shavell (2007). They said that when enforcement is certain needs, then there are three main concerns to do 1.) Monetary sanctions, 2.) Nonmonetary sanctions, and 3.) Combined sanctions. In monetary sanctions they analyze the optimal magnitude of monetary sanctions or the so called fines. They consider the two basic forms of liability, beginning with strict liability. Suppose that individuals would obtain a gain from committing a harmful act, where the gain varies among them. If an individual does commit the act, he will have to pay a fine because he is strictly liable. The gain could be a literal benefit, for instance, the utility obtained from taking food from a cabin in the wilderness, or the savings from not investing in some precaution, such as not obtaining pollution control equipment. The fine cannot exceed an individual’s level of wealth, which is assumed to be the same for everyone.
For nonmonetary sanctions, they analyze the optimal magnitude of nonmonetary sanctions—which we assume to be prison sentences and the length of prison sentence. It will be clear that most of what we have to say about imprisonment here and in subsequent sections would carry over, with only slight modification, to other forms of non-monetary sanctions, such as probation, electronic monitoring, community service, or, in the extreme, the death penalty.
Lastly, the combined sanctions can be consider the optimal mix of fines and imprisonment sanctions when they can be used together. Of course they have to observe that it cannot be optimal to employ a prison sentence unless the fine has been set as high as possible, equal to individuals’ wealth level. The advantage of the fault-based rule was originally emphasized and also considered the possibility of error, and thus of the bearing of sanctions.
In the present study, the researcher determines the extent of the implementation of five (5) different city ordinances such as drinking of liquor, half naked, smoking, anti-Noise (Jukebox from 12 midnight to 6 A.M), and anti-urinating. These five ordinances are check in terms of monetary, nonmonetary, or combine sanctions and how the residents of 2nd District, City of Manila accept it. Every ordinance imposed by the city or even in the community has its own kind of punishment. This is because, the aim of the city is to protect the community and prevent crime incidence so that the people will live peacefully and orderly.


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