Walking on any beach these yearss. you’re certain to happen at least some signifier of plastic on the shoreline. Granted. there’s a batch of other material drifting out in the sea. but unlike natural stuffs. fictile doesn’t degrade usually. Fictile bottles. containers. froth pieces made from polyurethane. and fishing lines are demoing up in whole or pieces. and are acquiring dissolved into the H2O. to be absorbed by plankton. So much plastic has taken over our oceans. in fact. that in the center of the North Pacific Ocean. there is a assemblage of plastic. dust and toxins twice the size of Texas ( Casey. 2007 ) dearly dubbed the Great Pacific Garbage Patch.
The ground for this big amassed refuse heap in the center of the ocean is because of the flow of the tides. and in the centre there is a slow clockwise spiral that has collected the rubbish ( Greenpeace. 2008 ) . All this fictile wouldn’t be such a job if it didn’t have any harmful effects. but sea birds and other animate beings are get downing it misconstruing it as quarry. Plastic besides has an unconditioned ability to soak up chemicals. which in bend is acquiring into the animate beings and poisoning them ( Greenpeace. 2008 ) . Organisms are besides happening their manner onto these drifting pieces and going outside of their normal home ground. and they are going an influence on an environment that antecedently wasn’t exposed to them ( Greenpeace. 2008 ) .
Even though most fictile floats. about 70 per centum of the plastic accumulated in the ocean is on its floor. blanketing the beings and workss below. Dutch Scientists have deduced that based on the 110 pieces of litter they found per square kilometre of ocean floor. there would be about 600. 000 dozenss in the North Sea entirely ( Kostigen. 2008 ) . Captain Charles Moore from the Algalita Marine Research foundation suggests that plastic is now outnumbering zooplankton 6 to 1 ( Kostigen. 2008 ) . The plastic and its toxins continue up the nutrient concatenation until it gets into the nutrient we eat.
We consume and throw off in our “throw-away society” . plastic and whatever else is disposable. From some of the research that Charles Moore conducted. a hypothesis could be put forth that suggests that all nutrient in the ocean contains plastics. Most don’t seem to care because the ocean is far off from them. and don’t see the immediate effects of our pollution. So that brings us to the ultimate inquiry of what to make about this immense muss. or why should we even care?
Alexandra Cousteau. granddaughter of Jacques Cousteau. reminds us how closely we are linked to the oceans. “We live on a H2O planet. ” She says. “Water is life” ( Kostigen. 2007 ) . With everything we consume. it all touches a H2O beginning some manner along the line. so what we do to our environment. we are. in fact. making straight back to ourselves. In 2003. the United States generated 26. 650 dozenss of plastic waste ( De Cassis. 2008 ) . With all this plastic being used in about everything these yearss. it’s a challenge to even see an option. but there are some out at that place.
Plastics. alternatively of utilizing crude oil. can be made from maize. A company called NatureWorks. which so happens to be the largest lactic-acid works in the universe. is taking maize and turning it into industrial rosin pellets besides referred to as PLA. which can so be turned into a kind of plastic ( Royte. 2006 ) . Walmart has invested in this environmentally sound replacing. and programs to utilize 114 million PLA containers a twelvemonth. salvaging about 800. 000 barrels of oil along with it ( Royte. 2006 ) .
Could this be the missing miracle we’ve overlooked all this clip? No. it’s non rather at that place. There are drawbacks to utilizing this green merchandise. and it is chiefly from the decomposition procedure. PLA is said to break up into C dioxide and H2O in a controlled composting environment in less than 90 yearss ( Royte. 2006 ) . but in world it takes a particular installation where they take the compost. and maintain it at 140 grades for 10 back-to-back yearss. That still makes it a better option because it really has a agency of biodegrading. unlike plastic. but it doesn’t rather seem to be the terminal all of solutions.
Another proposed solution to the job is reaping plastic-eating bugs to devour the plastic. Daniel Burd of Ontario. Canada. discovered this alone attack by carry oning an experiment to see if he could fade out a plastic bag over several months. The bag broke down about 43 % in six hebdomads ( Danigelis. 2008 ) . With farther research. it may be possible to tackle the usage of these bugs. but they truly haven’t been tested outside of the parametric quantities of Daniel’s experiment on how they may consequence the environment. What extra do the bug exhume? Is it possible they could be airborne and dispersed unwittingly to degrade plastic that wasn’t intended to be? It besides could be an intelligent solution to the world’s plastic job. but certainly there needs to be more research to the affair before implementing the solution.
Whatever we decide upon. we need to lodge to it. Our cherished Earth is being covered with plastic. more and more every twenty-four hours. Word of oral cavity from the cyberspace is distributing to people sing the research that people like Daniel Burd and Charles Moore have done. but it’s non plenty. Out of some of the possible solutions I’ve found. using options to plastic seems to be the most executable at this point. and I believe that’s the way we should be heading towards. If we are traveling to repair this job for good. there needs to be awareness. action. and alteration.
De Cassis. Sido ( 2008 ) . The Planet Magazine – ARCHIVES – Spring 2008 – “Great Pacific Garbage Patch” . Retrieved February 1. 2009. from The Planet Magazine Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //planet. wwu. edu/archives/2008/articles/spring/garbage-patch. hypertext markup language
Kostigen. Thomas ( 2008. July 10 ) . The World’s Largest Dump: The Great Pacific Garbage Patch | Ocean | DISCOVER Magazine. Retrieved February 1. 2009. from Discover Magazine Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //discovermagazine. com/2008/jul/10-the-worlds-largest-dump
Casey. Susan ( 2007 ) . CDNN: : Fictile Ocean – The Great Pacific Garbage Patch. Retrieved February 10. 2009. from CDNN News Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. cdnn. info/news/article/a071104. hypertext markup language
Greenpeace. ( 2008 ) . The rubbish whirl | Greenpeace International. Retrieved February 1. 2009. from Greenpeace Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. Greenpeace. org/international/campaigns/oceans/pollution/trash-vortex
Royte. Elizabeth ( 2006. August ) . Corn Plastic to the Rescue | Science & A ; Nature | Smithsonian Magazine. Retrieved February 1. 2009. from Smithsonian Magazine Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //www. smithsonianmag. com/science-nature/plastic. hypertext markup language? c=y & A ; page=1
Danigelis. Alyssa ( 2008. July ) . Discovery News: Sustainable: OMG: Bugs Ate My Bag! . Retrieved February 1. 2009. from Discovery Channel Blog Web site: hypertext transfer protocol: //blogs. find. com/news_sustainable/2008/07/omg-bugs-ate-my. hypertext markup language