The History of Mission San Francisco de Asis On June 27th. 1776 Father Palon and Pedro Cambon. ten Christian Indians driving battalion mules. and about 300 caput of cowss arrived at the Arroyode los Dolores which Anza and Father Font had selected for a mission site. They put up a cantonment. erected an arbor ( summerhouse ) as a impermanent chapel and on June 29th. 1776 Font celebrated mass. This was the beginning of California’s 6th mission.
Missions were colonies where military chaplains ( priests ) from the Catholic Church taught their faiths beliefs to the people nearby. The military chaplains knew when they left Spain to function God and carry the word that they might ne’er return.
Father Serra wanted the Indians to give up their civilization and to populate and work at the missions. In exchange he would offer them a new manner of life. Since Agriculture was an of import activity on the missions they were taught farming accomplishments and took attention of the animate beings. Their harvests and animate beings supplied most of the nutrient needed to feed the military chaplains. the Indians. and the soldiers populating nearby. Womans grind maize and whirl the wool while kids gathered olives to do oil for lamps. medical specialty. and in cookery. The Indians were besides taught tradecrafts like tanning leather so they could back up themselves. At the mission de Asis Indians began doing adobe brick and. in 1778. work on the present church. They constructed and repaired mission edifices. They besides began constructing garrisons and presidios to protect the entryway to the tremendous Bay. Towns and Pueblo were besides started near the missions for colonists from Mexico. The Military chaplains at the missions were really friendly offering visitants a topographic point to remain.
The military chaplains hoped to change over the Indians and thought they should larn the Spanish Culture in order to be good Christians. It was new and exciting to many Indians so they joined the missions and worked really hard. However. non all Indians were happy so they ran off. Some rebelled and accused any one related to the missions of intruding upon the land of their sires. For the many that stayed Mission Dolores had its portion of sorrows. There were long periods of fog and damp- cold. unhealthy conditions. Thousands of Indians died from diseases brought by the Spanish like rubeolas and variola. Some died from the alteration in their diets.
Through the old ages Mexican leaders wanted to acquire rid of anything connected with the Old Spanish Government and a civil committee was assigned to take over the mission in 1834. The land was divided among Indians. Californians. and New Mexican Settlers. They started ranchos on the land. Some Indians stayed to work. Many ran away to the mountains or comeuppances. Military chaplains returned to Mexico and Spain. By 1841 the mission edifices were falling to pieces because of disregard. The belongings was restored to the church after the United States acquired California in 1846. The mission grew once more in importance as a parish church in the brawling. dining gilded first-come-first-serve metropolis of San Francisco.
Mission Dolores survived the great temblor and fire of 1906 but the construction to the parish church was damaged. The destroyed modern church had to be replaced. It was completed in 1918. and dedicated on Christmas.
Today. Mission Dolores is a little adobe church and a bantam graveyard packed with historic keystones. Its thick adobe walls and its roof lumber and tiles are original. The ceiling still shows the ornaments by the Indians and many of the graven figures of the mission’s frequenter saints are the work of neophytes ( converts ) . Three bells are still hung from rawhide lashs. The mission is simple in manner without the usual arches and arcades. It is recognized for a monolithic frontage forepart and its cleanliness unusual in church architecture for its clip.
On the left side of the church is a little cemetery where much of San Francisco’s history is recorded in rock. It includes both the celebrated and unknown. Here is a list of some of the buried: James Casey and Charles Cora. hung by the Vigilantes in 1856 ; A plaque honors the memory of Father Palou. 1st priest at the mission ; William Leidesdoff. a blackman who was an early civic leader ; Don Luis Antonio Arquello. the 1st governor of Alta California under Mexican authorization ; Don Francisco de Hara. San Francisco’s 1st city manager. The Grotto of Our Lady of Lourdes Shrine marks the topographic point of these forgotten dead. There is a statue of Father Junipero Serra in the graveyard. To the right side rises the great basilica which was completed in 1918.
Today. there are visitor Tourss of the mission where you can see the Ornate communion table. Moorish-Corinthian architecture. the garden graveyard. Indians. public figures. and museum. The church is used merely for nuptialss. baptisms. funerals. and particular multitudes. In the little church spiritual services are held twice annually. on Memorial Day and on June 29th. the day of remembrance of its first mass.
We Americans are attracted to the missions as alien ruins. The missions remind us that California was one time the New Spain. Mission Dolores is located in the center of San Francisco. California on Dolores Street between 16th and 17th streets.