In order to research natural groupings or bunchs within the diabetics group a two measure bunch analysis was choosen, applieng the Schwarzs Bayesian Criterion, taking in accout as categorical variable, the attachment to medical specialties and as figured bass variables, the self direction tonss, the values of blood tenseness, cholesterin, triglycerides, Hb1A and the figure of visits to the diabetician during the last twelvemonth.
From the sample, 32,1 % had type 1 diabetes, all of them taking insulin and 67.9 % had type 2, from which 46.7 % are undergoing intervention with insulin. Surprisingly, 4 % of the type 1 and 14.5 % of the type 2 usage both insulin, and unwritten antidiabetics. More type 2 diabetics had other diseases ( diabetes complications excluded ) ( in writing ) , than type 1, hence being poly medicated. One account may be the age of the patients ( type 2 are older patients ) , with the important correlativity between the type of diabetes and the figure of prescribed medical specialties going non-significant, after rectifying for age ( p=.566 )
The usual intervention program included, apart from antidiabetics and/or insulin, anti hypertensive drugs and hypocholesteroleminats, as presented in table…
The attachment to the intervention was evaluated form the replies given to the questionnaires and classified in two classs: 1 = low attachment ; 2 = high attachment. Taking in history that medical specialties involved are wholly free or partly compensated by the Health InsuranceSystem, the replies are presumed to be more accurate than biased. The attachment seams to bear no influence from the figure of medical specialty prescribed, the correlativity between the two variables being non important. ( Spearman rho=.-122, p=.129. Over 2/3 of the patients declare to hold a good attachment to the medicine.
The bulk of the sample had a hapless control of the glycaemia, evaluated by agencies of the Hb1A1 value. ( 8.7 -2.3 ; average 8.2 ) / The value did non correlate significantly with the type of diabetes, patient`s age, age of the disease`s oncoming or length of the disease, when rectifying for medical attachment, but independenly correlated with medical attachment. However, there is a little and non important difference of the control in favour of type 1 patients, caused, likely, by the better attachment to the medical intervention and by the better ego direction.
A complication mark was computed, by adding tonss for oculus complications ( 0= none ; 1= ; 2= ) , nephritic complications, neurological complications and other ) . The higher the figure, the more legion and terrible the complications.Only 33.3 % of the patients were free of any complications and 21.5 % had merely a minor 1. Apart from oculus and nephritic complications, most frecvent complications were AOMI and PNI. Complications mark was extremely correalted with HbA value ( R= .305 ) and with attachment to the intervention ( R=-362 ) .
Age onset ( old ages )
Length ( old ages )
Good attachment to the intervention
No Renal complications
No oculus complications
Age ( old ages )
TAS ( mmHg )
TAD ( mmHg )
Body mass index
The mean blood force per unit area ( both diastolic, and systolic ) are better for younger, type 1 diabetics, which show besides a better lipid profile and a average BMI in the scope of normalcy.
Sing that diabetes medical specialties are free or compensated, and with a bulk of the sample declaring to esteem the medical program, the rectification of the glycaemia is rather hapless. As already emphasised, diabetes direction requires besides self attention and deep life style alterations. The importance of the ego attention has been many times underlined in different types of surveies. Appart of get bying with a instead comprehensive drug program, the diabetic patient has to get by with a particular diet and exercise program and has to prove his glycaemia as indicated by wellness attention suppliers. Indications may differ between the two types of diabetes, particularly sing glycaemia measurings. Recently, in the ego direction rating, pes attention and coffin nail smoke have been added. Though smoke is non straight act uponing diabetes development, it remains a major jeopardy for cardio-vascular diseseas, particularly for diabetic patients ( 50 ) In the tabular array, we present the mean yearss in which patients get involved in self direction patterns and the per centum of tobacco users.
During last hebdomad
Type 1 diabetes
Dayss following the feeding program
Dayss with 4-5 parts veggies
Dayss with carnal fats
Exerting at least 30` ( days/week )
Exerting more intensly ( days/week )
Bood sugar proving ( days/week )
Foot cheque ( days/week )
Shoe cheque ( days/week )
( % from the specific diabetic group )
As a whole, consequences are better for type1 diabetics, some of the differences being likely due to their younger age. However, the degree of physical activity is really low. The full group of diabetics seem to populate a really sedentary life, with yearss when non even ? hr per twenty-four hours is dedicated to physical activity and whith less than a twenty-four hours per hebdomad holding clip dedicated to a more intense and organized program of exerting. Coping with the specific diet seems to be widespread. Unfortunately though being wellness favourising modus operandis, consumption of veggies and turning away of fat-rich carnal nutrients are non regular wonts. A resonable dietary attack in groups with diabetes but besides with high cardiovascular and fleshiness hazards has to include non merely the diet program with saccharides numbering, but besides a thourough alteration of eating wonts, in order to supply an equal background for turning away of co-morbid conditions.
The tonss from the scdsa questionnaire were correlated by Spearman non-parametric trials with demografics ( age, gender, household SES ) , BMI, length of the disease and regard of medicine. Significant relationships are figured in tabular array. The analysis of the correlativities suggests that good adherance to the medical specialty program seems to work as an alibi in non adhering to specific life style and self attention steps. Patients taking regularly insulin, unwritten antidiabetics and other prescribed medical specialties exercising less, eat a less fitter diet, step more rarely theit blood sugar and even neglect pes cheque and smoke more.
Sig ( 2tailed )
Diet sp- athletics
Sport diet sp
Hyg body mass index
. Even though in the present survey these groups seem little, ther jobs have to be tackled, in order to avoid or postopne complicationn oncoming.
In order to research natural groupings ( or bunchs ) within the diabetics group a two measure bunch analysis was choosen, applieng the Schwarz`s Bayesian Criterion, taking in accout as categorical variable, the attachment to medical specialties and as figured bass variables, the self direction tonss and the values of blood tenseness, cholesterin, triglycerides, Hb1A, the figure of visits to the diabetician during the last twelvemonth. No important differences were brought to visible radiation sing medicine adeherence. The bunch with the best values of the lipid profile and of the Hb! A ( 36.4 % of the sum ; norm ) had the best tonss in dieting, exercising plan, glycemia measuring, pes attention and to adresability to medical services. Unfortunately, the particular diet mark ( vegetable/fat consumpton ) was low in all bunchs. The patients in the 2nd bunch showed a low adheerence to the ego attention programe, a smaller figure of visits to the medical attention supplier, and higher values of the lipid profile and hemoglobin. Differences in blood tenseness, though non statistically important, were better in the first bunch, particularly the TAS values. Consequences are a semnal de alarma, their sheer significance being that in the diabetic population some groups cause serious concern sing self direction Thi determination emphasises that the corrent ego managemnent program has effects non merely on pull offing diabetes per Se, but besides on assoicated jobs, particularly the cardio-vascular 1s. An attack towards preparation and promoting self attention measurings is, therefore, tackeling the multiple metabolic jobs that accompany diabetes.