The origins of representative democracy Essay

Who benefited from the Magna Carta? The English NobilityThe English aristocracy gained the most benefits from the Magna Carta. which established restrictions on the power of the male monarch.

Which of the followers was guaranteed in the English Bill of Rights? Freedom from revenue enhancement without representation.

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Whose thoughts about authorities greatly influenced the work forces who drafted the Declaration of Independence and the Constitution? John Locke The Hagiographas of John Locke. a British philosopher of the Enlightenment period. had a profound influence on the Establishing Fathers.

What was the colonists’ primary ailment about the regulation of the British Crown? The American colonists’ primary ailment was that they were capable to heavy revenue enhancements from the British Crown.

Which of the followers was a constituent of the Coercive Acts? Constitution of soldierly jurisprudence. the demand for the settlers to one-fourth British soldiers. the closing of the port of Boston. and the disintegration of the Massachusetts legislative assembly were all constituents of the Coercive Acts.

Which event straight resulted from the Coercive Acts? the First Continental Congress straight resulted from the Coercive Acts.

Which subdivision of the Declaration of Independence contains statements on the right to revolution? Arguments on the right to revolution. based on the doctrine of John Locke. are found in the 2nd subdivision of the Declaration of Independence.

Who was given the primary duty for outlining the Declaration of Independence? Thomas Jefferson was given the primary duty for outlining the Declaration of Independence.

What were the chief thoughts expressed in the Declaration of Independence? The chief thoughts expressed in the Declaration of Independence were single rights and autonomies and the responsibility of the authorities to protect them.

The Articles of Confederation specified that the United States would be which signifier of authorities? The Articles of Confederation specified that the United States would be a democracy.

What concerned the Laminitiss in outlining the Articles of Confederation? Mob regulation. arbitrary monarchal power. big territory size. and the ability of the people to look into authorities power were all taken into history by the Laminitiss when they drafted the Articles of Confederation.

Which of the followers was NOT a constituent of the Articles of Confederation? A bicameral legislative assembly was non a constituent of the Articles of Confederation ( Congress had a individual chamber ) .

What led the Laminitiss to recognize that the Articles of Confederation needed to be reconfigured? Crisiss like Shays’ Rebellion. the inability of the national authorities to command fiscal concerns and raise revenue enhancements. the disproportional power held by the provinces. and the exposure of the new state due to the deficiency of an executive all contributed to the motion to reconfigure the Articles of Confederation.

As the Constitution was being drafted. who was most in support of equal representation in the national legislative assembly? Small provinces such as Rhode Island most strongly supported equal representation in the legislative assembly.

Which of the undermentioned programs for representation was incorporated into the Connecticut Compromise? The Connecticut Compromise incorporated a program naming for each province to be proportionately represented in one house of a bicameral legislative assembly ( the House of Representatives ) .

What was Shays’ Rebellion? Farmers in western Massachusetts. angry that their lands were being foreclosed upon for debts. close down the tribunals and stormed an armory.

The Constitution was ratified in the twelvemonth? The Constitution was ratified in 1788.

The Bill of Rights was ratified in the twelvemonth? 1791

How many footings did George Washington serve as president before go forthing office? George Washington served two footings.

Marbury v. Madison confirmed the Supreme Court’s power to declare Torahs passed by Congress unconstitutional. What did the instance affect? Marbury v. Madison concerned a difference over William Marbury’s assignment to a authorities station.

Arguments at the Constitutional Convention environing the executive subdivision included which of the following? Arguments environing the executive subdivision included both how many executives should function and how to elect the executive.

The Constitution differed from the Articles of Confederation in that itThe Constitution differed from the Articles of Confederation in that it gave Congress the power to set up a national tribunal system.

What did it take for Virginia and New York to eventually hold to sign the Constitution? New York and Virginia agreed to sign the Constitution merely after the Federalists promised to include amendments clear uping the bounds on authorities power ( the Bill of Rights ) .

Chapter 1. The Founding & A ; Constitution
Study Questions:
Cardinal Footings:

Great Compromise ( or Connecticut Compromise )

The Great Compromise was an understanding made among the delegates to the Constitutional Convention that the American authorities would hold two houses in Congress: the Senate where each province has two Senators. and the House of Representatives where each province has a figure of Representatives based on population.

The Great Compromise ended one of the most serious dissensions among the new provinces. Small provinces felt that all provinces were equal in stature and that if Congressional representation were based upon population. they would be outvoted on everything. Large provinces felt that populations should find how many representatives a province should hold. because they were afraid that they would be outvoted by the little provinces. This dissension was forestalling the Fundamental law from being adopted. In order to travel frontward on the Constitution. the provinces compromised and made Congress as a bicameral legislative organic structure.

Without the Great Compromise. there might non be the Constitution or US Government as we know it today.


Two programs were put away during the Constitutional Convention to make the new subdivisions of authorities. The Virginia Plan wanted a strong national authorities with three subdivisions. The legislative assembly would hold two houses. One would be straight elected by the people and the 2nd would selected by the first house from people nominated by the province legislative assemblies. Further. the president and national bench would be chosen by the national legislative assembly. On the other manus. the New Jersey Plan wanted a more decentralised program amending the old Articles yet leting for a slightly stronger authorities. Each province would hold one ballot in Congress.

The Great Compromise combined these two programs making our current legislative assembly with two houses. one based on population and elected by the people and the other house leting two senators per province being appointed by province legislative assemblies. ( Direct election of Senators began after the 17th amendment was ratified in 1913. )

a legislative organic structure holding two subdivisions. houses. or Chamberss

3/5th’s Compromise

Three-Fifths Compromise: slaves would non be counted as whole individuals for the intents of representation. but they would non be excluded from the population count either. Alternatively. a slave would be counted as three-fifths of a individual. In this manner. big Southern slave provinces would non be excessively advantaged in representation in the lower house of Congress. but they would be recognized for their population size. However. besides leting greater representation for provinces with big slave populations. the Fundamental law did non turn to the establishment of bondage in any other manner. It would take 80 old ages and the bloody Civil War for the state to to the full eliminate bondage and acknowledge African Americans as free individuals with rights to citizenship. Even so. it would be another century before African Americans in the South would bask equal entree to vote and be allowed to function as members of a jury.

Separation of Powers

Separation of powers. hence. refers to the division of authorities duties into distinguishable subdivisions to restrict any one subdivision from exerting the nucleus maps of another. The purpose is to forestall the concentration of power and supply for cheques and balances. The traditional word pictures of the powers of the subdivisions of American authorities are: * The legislative subdivision is responsible for ordaining the Torahs of the province and allowing the money necessary to run the authorities. * The executive subdivision is responsible for implementing and administrating the public policy enacted and funded by the legislative subdivision.

* The judicial subdivision is responsible for construing the fundamental law and Torahs and using their readings to contentions brought before it. Forty province fundamental laws specify that authorities be divided into three subdivisions: legislative. executive and judicial. California illustrates this attack ; “The powers of province authorities are legislative. executive. and judicial. Persons charged with the exercising of one power may non exert either of the others except as permitted by this Constitution. ” While separation of powers is cardinal to the workings of American authorities. no democratic system exists with an absolute separation of powers or an absolute deficiency of separation of powers.

Governmental powers and duties deliberately overlap ; they are excessively complex and interrelated to be neatly compartmentalized. As a consequence. there is an built-in step of competition and struggle among the subdivisions of authorities. Throughout American history. there besides has been an wane and flow of distinction among the governmental subdivisions. Such experiences suggest that where power resides is portion of an evolutionary procedure. This Web page provides resources for legislators and staff to utilize in turn toing separation of powers issues. It organizes them into wide classs and links to a diverse set of resources to exemplify how the philosophy applies to specific issues under each class. The resources include jurisprudence reappraisal articles. tribunal instances and legislative studies.



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