The Sugar Content of Soft Drinks

September 27, 2017 September 2nd, 2019 Health

The Sugar Content of Soft Drinks

Introduction

Soft drinks, such as fizzing drinks and fruit juices, are common portion of many people’s dietetic consumption. Many of these drinks contain high degrees of sugar and devouring sugary soft drinks can therefore dramatically increase an individual’s day-to-day sugar consumption. A high sugar consumption by devouring sugary drinks has been linked to increasing the hazard of assorted diseases. For illustration, research has shows that sugary drinks may be linked to fleshiness, particularly in kids who are the highest consumer group of sugary drinks in the UK [ 1 ] . Obesity ( inordinate weight addition ) is caused when the Calorie consumption of an single exceeds their Calorie usage. Calorie refers to the sum of energy stored in nutrient, 1 gm of sugar contains 4.2 Calories ( 4.2 Kcal ) and the recommended day-to-day Calories intake for work forces is 2500Kcal and 2000Kcal for adult females. A high sugar consumption can increase the hazard that an single exceeds their recommended day-to-day Calories consumption and the excess energy is normally converted to flesh out and stored in fat cells called adipocytes. Because sugary drinks contain a batch of sugar e.g. , approximately 60g for 500ml, which equates to 250Kcal, so high ingestion of such drinks can easy lend to an single transcending their recommended Calories intake. Indeed, research has shown that kids who consume high degrees of soft drinks have a sugar consumption of 16.8 % which far exceeds the recommended day-to-day sum of 11 % and they are more likely to endure from fleshiness than kids who consume less sums of soft drinks ( Jameset Al2004 ) .

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Another disease linked to sugary drink ingestion is type 2 diabetes ( Huet Al2004 ) . Sugar in soft drinks, which is normally sucrose, is refined and readily soluble, so it quickly enters the blood stream during digestion, increasing the blood glucose degrees which require regulation by insulin-producing cells. Devouring a diet high in sugar puts more demand on such cells and can do these cells to halt working taking to type 2 diabetes.

High sugar degrees contained in soft drinks besides contribute to tooth disease. For illustration, the Food Standard Agency ( 2000 ) reported that more than half of people aged 4 to18 old ages have some dental decay related to sugary drink ingestion. Tooth decay is the consequence of bacteriums on the dentition change overing sugar to acid which causes the dislocation of the protective tooth enamel. In add-on, many soft drinks contain acids, such as citric acid and phosphorous acid, which are added as preservatives and to give the drink a shaper gustatory sensation to antagonize the sugariness of the high sugar content. These acids besides damage tooth enamel taking to tooth decay.

The wellness jobs caused by sugary drinks has led many wellness professionals to

advise people to dramatically cut down their consumption of sugary drinks and to seek options, such as sugar-free drinks. This has led to many sugary-drink makers to bring forth sugar-free soft drinks that are sweetened by utilizing unreal sweetenings. These unreal sweetenings do non incorporate Calories and hence do non lend to the above wellness jobs caused by sugar. There are some concerns, nevertheless, that unreal sweetenings normally found in sugar-free drinks, such as aspartame, pose their ain dangers, such as increasing the hazard of some signifiers of malignant neoplastic diseases. However, presently there is non adequate research to formalize this claim and the European Food Safety Agency states that aspartame is a safe ingredient for public ingestion ( The Guardian Unlimited, 2004 ) .

The purpose of this survey is to prove the sugar content of assorted sugary drinks and sugar-free drinks and to show the sugar content in the figure of teaspoon each drink contains, thereby supplying a more touchable manner of showing the sum of sugar contained in soft drinks.

Procedure

The sum of sugar in soft drinks can be determined by comparing the denseness of the soft drink with standard sugar solutions of known densenesss. If any solutes, such as sugar, are dissolved in H2O the weight of a given volume of the solution increases i.e. , additions in denseness. The standard sugar solutions are on a mass/volume footing ( g/100ml ) , hence a 5 % sugar solution will incorporate 5g of sugar dissolved in 100ml of H2O. For this survey, four criterion sugar solutions will be prepared and their densenesss will be used to build a transition graph which will be used to gauge the per centum sugar content of the drinks tested, and the gms of sugar each drink contains will be calculated. The per centum sugar content of each drink ( stated by the maker ) will be converted into the figure of spoonfuls of sugar contained in a criterion can of soft drink.

Materials

  • assorted sugary drinks and sugar-free drinks
  • distilled H2O
  • 250ml and 50ml beaker
  • 100 milliliter graduated cylinder
  • balance
  • glass stirring rod
  • Pasteur pipette and bulb

Method

  1. A series of sugar solutions of known concentrations were made up of following concentrations, 5 % , 10 % , 15 % 20 % .
  • 5 % of sugar solution was prepared by weighing 5g of sugar and puting it in the beaker with 75ml of distilled H2O. This was stirred until all the sugar had dissolved.
  • The sugar solution was so poured into a 100ml graduating cylinder and made up to 100ml by adding more distilled H2O.
  • The 5 % solution was transferred to labelled beaker.
  • The 10 % , 15 % and 20 % solutions were made up by reiterating the above stairss utilizing 10, 15 and 20 gms of sugar, severally.
  1. the densenesss of the criterion sugar solutions were calculated
  • 10ml of each standard solution was pipetted ( utilizing a clean pipette each clip ) into a pre-weighed clean and dry beaker
  • the entire mass of the beaker and solution was recorded
  • the denseness of the sugar solutions was calculated by spliting the weight of 10mls of each sugar solution with the weight of 10ml of H2O. The obtained values were plotted on a transition graph and a line of best tantrum was inserted ( Figure 1 )
  1. The densenesss of the soft drinks ( Table 1 ) were obtained by pipetting 10ml of each drink into a pre-weighed, clean and dry beaker and so spliting the weight of 10mls of each soft drink with the weight of 10ml of H2O. The values of the soft drinks’ densenesss can be used to gauge the per centum of sugar in 100mls of the soft drink by utilizing the transition graph.

Consequences

Standard sugar

solution ( % )

Mass of 10ml ( g )

denseness ( g/cm3)

5

10.18

1.02

10

10.35

1.04

15

10.57

1.06

20

10.65

1.08

Table 1 % sugar concentrations of known concentrations and their corresponding densenesss ( g/cm3)

Figure 1. Standard transition graph of known sugar concentrations ( % ) to find the estimated sugar concentrations of the soft drinks listed in Table 2. The graph shows an illustration ( represented by the ruddy line ) of how the % of sugar is estimated in one of the sampled drinks, Fanta.

Soft drink

Mass of 10ml ( g )

denseness ( g/cm3)

% sugar content per 100ml utilizing transition graph

% sugar content stated on bottle in 100ml of drink

Vitazade

10.15

1.02

5

4

Coca-cola

10.38

1.04

10

12

Fanta

10.45

1.05

12.5

14

Cranberry

10.46

1.05

12.5

14

Ribena

10.45

1.05

12.5

12.5

Sprite Zero

10

0

0

0

Coke Zero

10

0

0

0

Pepsi Max

10

0

0

0

Table 2 % of sugar content per 100ml of soft drinks ( determined by utilizing the transition graph ) versus the % of sugar content per 100ml stated by the soft drink’s industries.

Standard size sugary soft drink

( 330ml )

% sugar content stated on bottle in 330ml

gms of sugar in 330ml

figure of flat teaspoons of sugar

in 330ml

Vitazade

4

13.2

2.4

Coca-cola

12

39.6

7.1

Fanta

14

46.2

8.3

Cranberry

14

46.2

8.3

Ribena

12.5

41.3

7.4

Table 3. The figure of flat teaspoons of sugar in 330ml of the sugary drinks tested ( calculated from the manufacturer’s stated % sugar content ) .

Example of change overing % sugar to the figure of flat teaspoons of sugar:

Fanta has 14 % sugar =14g/100ml

% sugar in 1ml is 14/100=0.14

% sugar in 330ml is 330 ten 0.14 = 46.2 %

46.2 % sugar = 46.2g

Average teaspoon of sugar =5.6g

Average flat teaspoons of sugars in 330ml of Fanta=46.2g/5.6g = 8.25 teaspoons

The consequences show that 4/8 of the soft drinks tested contained a high per centum of sugar. Coca-cola, Fanta, cranberry and Ribena all contained more than 10 % sugar, Vitazade contained 5 % sugar. The values obtained for the sugar content of the sugary drinks differ somewhat from the manufacturers’ stated sugar content. This is to be expected given the mensurating techniques used in this survey, which are improbable to be every bit sophisticated as the 1s used by makers. The sugar-free drinks, Sprite Zero, Coke Zero and Pepsi Max contained no sugars and matched the manufacturers’ stated sugar content. The sugary drinks contained between 2.4 and 8.3 degree teaspoons of sugar.

Discussion

This survey confirmed that sugary drinks contain big sums of sugar. In add-on, change overing the per centum of sugar content of the tried drinks into teaspoons of sugar provided a surprising revelation-some drinks contained 8 teaspoons of sugar per criterion can ( 330mls ) . This is a similar size to a java mug, and the idea of seting 8 teaspoons of sugar in a mug of java or tea is instead upseting. It is, hence, unsurprising that the ingestion of sugary drinks appears to be related to the oncoming of assorted diseases, such as type 2 diabetes, fleshiness and tooth decay. The nexus between sugary drinks and such diseases is a serious wellness issue, particularly in younger people, and many wellness professionals and wellness administrations are recommending that the job must be tackled to cut down the wellness hazards of devouring big sums of sugary drinks. One manner of battling the job is to raise the public’s consciousness of the high sugar content in sugary drinks and the related wellness jobs that can be caused by their ingestion. This consciousness can profit by showing the sugar content of soft drinks utilizing the figure of teaspoons of sugar as opposed to figure of gms. This helps the populace to visualize the existent sum of sugar contained in soft drinks. In add-on, the publicity of sugar-free drinks or low sugar drinks can assist to cut down the job. With these types of schemes the wellness jobs related to sugary drink ingestion could be reduced, profiting the wellness of persons who would otherwise be at hazard of developing diseases related to high ingestion of sugary drinks.

Mentions

Hu, F.B. , Manson, J.E. , Stampfer M.J. , Colditz G.S. , Lui S, Solomon, C.G. & A ; Willett W.C. ( 2001 ) Diet and life style and hazard of type 2 diabetes melletus in adult females. New Engl J Med 345: 790-7

The Gaurdian Unlimited ( 2004 )hypertext transfer protocol: //society.guardian.co.uk/health/story/0,7890,1581641,00.html( accessed 3/28/2007 )

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