The Theme Of Hope English Literature Essay

September 18, 2017 English Literature

Hope is the feeling of outlook and a strong desire for a certain thing to go on. It is a belief that a positive thing will go on out of the rough fortunes and state of affairs in person ‘s life. Hope is the strong feeling that is desired and expected out of fortunes will be that things will turn up for the best.

This paper compares the subject of hope as portrayed in two texts Zaabalawi by Naguib Mahfouz ‘s and The Guest by Albert Camus. In Zaabalawi Naguib Mahfouz writes of a ill adult male with a disease which is incurable by physicians. He goes on a pilgrim’s journey through the ancient metropolis of Cairo in hunt of the saintly healer Zaabalawi to mend him. On his manner, he encounters different people among them a attorney Qamar, the territory Sheikh who is a authorities officer, a bookseller, a instrumentalist and a calligraphist. Everyone he asks for way sends him to a different way. ( Gordon, P, 25 )

The supporter undergoes a batch of enduring ; his confusion on the whereabouts of the therapist leads to the uncertainties of his being. However subsequently on while rummy, he sleeps in a saloon where in his dream he is in a beautiful garden where he experiences absolute peace and contentment in his bosom. He awakes to be told that Zaabalawi was with him but had left and disappeared once more. The ill adult male is disappointed at this find, though torn up and defeated, he is encouraged by his dream and energized to go on with his hunt for Zaabalawi. ( Gordon, P, 25 )

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The invitee is a short narrative by Albert Camus. The narrative begins with two work forces mounting a bouldery hill. One adult male Balducci on a Equus caballus back while another, an Arab captive is walking with his custodies tied on rope. At the extremum of the mountain is Daru, a school teacher who is watching them walk towards his way. The school in which Daru plants and lives has no pupil now. The country has had awful conditions followed by a bug drouth so the school besides serves as a terminal for distribution of alleviation nutrient, which is besides Daru ‘s duty. ( Yehoshua, P, 41 )

On reaching, Balducci a friend of Daru and an aged ground forces officer tells Daru as ordered by the authorities that it was his duty, service and responsibility to take the captive to the constabulary central office in Tinguit. The captive is accused of killing his cousin, by dividing his pharynx in their battle for grains. Daru is in resistance with this order and informs Balducci that he would non take the captive to detention. To this Balducci makes Daru mark documents that puts the captive at the duty of Daru.

Subsequently Daru is hospitable to the captive, offering him a repast, a bed and breakfast the following forenoon. When go forthing for school in the forenoon, Daru supplies the captive with some money and offers him the option of walking East to Tinguit or to the South where he can conceal among the nomads. He so leaves him to make up one’s mind which way he would take, and on turning notices that the captive chose to turn himself to the constabulary. Subsequently when Daru arrives at school, a message endangering him for allegedly turning in the Arab is written on the board. ( Yehoshua, P, 41 )

Fortunes environing incidences in these texts portray hope in different state of affairss. In both texts both, the supporter in Zaabalawi and The guest characters program and trust their programs will be fulfilled despite confronting legion obstructions. In The Guest, Daru confesses to Balducci that he would non take the captive to the constabulary centre, but Balducci leaves the captive anyhow in the hope that Daru will compel to the instructions given. A expression at the supporter in Zaabalawi, it is apparent that his pursuit to see the therapist is non weighed down by some of people from who he seeks way, for illustration, the attorney Qamar has no respect for Zaabalawi, he is affluent and does non trust on the powers of therapists, piousness or God. His position does non deter the ailing adult male who motivates himself to look for Zaabalawi anyhow. ( Gordiner p, 44 )

In both instances, the characters are hopeful that the stairss they are taking will ease their state of affairs and do their lives better. The ailing adult male believes that his meeting with Zaabalawi will do him better. He is hopeful that if he looks for the therapist, and when he finds him, he will do him better and hence ease him from the uncomfortableness and agony he is sing. Even after traveling through legion adversities and disappoints he holds on, in the believe and hope that one time he comes to the therapist all his issues will be solved. ( Gordiner p, 44 )

Daru in the same instance is confronting challenges in his school. The on the job conditions are non pleasant, the country is cold, he is lonely and his pupils can non do it to school in these fortunes. The hapless terrain and drouth in the part is a clear indicant of the rough conditions in the part. Even amidst these conditions, Daru remains hopeful that it will all acquire better, he hopes that his pupils will demo up for school. As seen by the diagram on the chalkboard, Daru hopes that shortly his pupils will restart category and go on with acquisition, so the diagram waits the following period in a geographics category. He besides hopes that stronger members of the household, either a brother or a male parent would be coming to the school to pick alleviation nutrient for the remainder of the household. ( Camus, P, 16 )

Restraining fortunes environing the hope to accomplish set ends and aspirations is apparent in both instances. Daru hopes to accomplish a carry throughing a fulfilling learning calling. At the clip he is seeking for the occupation, his state is sing effects inflicted by the Gallic colonial regulation on Algeria. During his occupation hunt, he requested that he be placed in a school at the foothill, an country between the desert and the tableland where he would be at free will to make up one’s mind on whether to back up the Gallic or the Arabs. However, he is assigned to the tableland as a school caput. The tableland represents the Gallic, under whose regulation Daru was obliged to esteem and obey. Daru would hold loved to back up and help the indigens of Algeria but his place in the tableland and his duties as given by the Gallic were fortunes, which strained his hope to accomplish this. ( Camus, P, 16 )

The same instance happens in Zaabalawi, the supporter faces several restraining state of affairss, which strain his hope to accomplish his remedy. The waies and positions given by the people he gets into contact with are conflicting and confounding go forthing him confused on whether the therapist really exists. The supporter, inquiries whether all who search for the therapist suffer every bit much as he does but even in the enduring his hope is strong plenty, and he is comforted that agony is portion of the remedy.

In another incidence, the two characters are certain and aspirant of the unknown in nature. Daru, when faced with the challenge of the captive, he leads the Arab towards the way and after giving him adequate nutrient and money directs him to take between flying and turning himself in to the constabulary. Daru so leaves the captive at the intersection and hopes that he will do the right pick. ( Camus, P, 16 )

A expression at Zaabalawi besides has an indicant of hope in the unknown, the ailing adult male, after holding a dream and a verification that Zaabalawi had visited him while he slept, the supporter promises himself that he must acquire to the therapist, whatever the fortunes. These two instances are an indicant of hope in the unknown, Daru hopes that whatever the pick the captive makes it is wise and will prefer all the parties involved, the ailing adult male hopes that he will happen Zaabalawi although his whereabouts remain unknown to him. ( Gordon, P, 25 )

However, there is a difference in the subject of hope in the two texts. Daru ‘s hope to alter his fortunes and have a better life may look unrealistic and unattainable. The instructor experiences rough conditions both externally and internally. Loneliness, purdah and poorness are some of the challenges he faces ion his day-to-day life. There is non much he can make to alter the external factors that influence these external factors alterations ; the snow outside the drouth and the Gallic colonial regulation are some of the things that he can non alter and are hence beyond him. These external factors straight affect the hope for a better hereafter. He hopes to be a better individual by go forthing Arabs to do a pick between flying and apprehension is shuttered by the menace written on his chalkboard. This is an indicant that in every bit much as the instructor strives and hopes to better his life a stronger external force ever gets on his manner. ( Yehoshua, p 41 )

On the other manus, the ailing adult male in pursuit of happening Zaabaliwa has more motive from the environment. Though his hopes to see the therapist are invariably dwindling, the dream in his bibulous slumber and the ulterior verification that Zaabaliwa really visited him motivates him to maintain searching. His hope to see the therapist is hence practical since a few of the people he encounters the instrumentalist and the calligraphist have had a direct contact with him. ( Gordiner p, 44 )

The subject of hope is hence apparent in the two texts ; the characters hope that their lives will better and acquire better and that what they are looking for will be found. Though the fortunes environing them are hard and unpleasant, the characters are house on what they want trusting for things to acquire better. In this instance, hence hope for a better hereafter motivates them to lift above their challenges. The hope in unchangeable and unknown fortunes is an indicant of the human strong will and the quest to do life better. Hope is hence a strong strong belief that life will acquire better and its beginning is from the psyche. A individual with high hopes is motivated, will work against all odds to do life better and hence achieve their dreams.


Camus, Albert. The invitee. Mankato, Minn. : Creative Education, 1990. Print.

Gordimer, Nadine. Writing and being. Cambridge, Mass. : Harvard University Press, 1995. Print.

Gordon, HI?ayim. Naguib Mahfouz ‘s United arab republic: experiential subjects in his Hagiographas. New York: Greenwood Press, 1990. Print.

Yehoshua, Abraham B. , and Ora Cummings. The awful power of a minor guilt: literary essays. Syracuse, N.Y. : Syracuse University Press, 2000. Print.


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