To way. so the question arises, Are

February 15, 2019 Psychology

To interpret the world and to gain knowledge, people have developed several ways of knowing. In our world there are many ways of knowing, such as language, perception, emotion, reason, and so on. Language is the method of human communication, either spoken or written, consisting of the use of words in a structured and conventional way. so the question arises, Are all ways of knowing controlled by language? If yes, then language either controls it because all knowledge is communicated through language Or that the structure of language restricts thought, which is part of the process of acquiring knowledge, and therefore is knowledge. Language is the words we use to deliver information to other people or receive them but language is not perfect in providing knowledge. a problem is the mutability and unreliability of language. Things that we say can be easily misinterpreted because of different perspectives of different people.
Reason, perception, language and emotion are all ways of knowing. Reason is defined as formal logic or knowledge that is gained through rationalism. Reason allows us to go beyond the immediate experience of our senses. It is closely linked to logic— the deducing of valid conclusions from given starting points. Human reasoning can also be inferential in nature, allowing conclusions to be drawn that cannot be strictly deduced from their premises. This is of importance in the natural sciences but also in human sciences such as psychology and economics.
Perception is an empirical inquiry gained through experience. Sense perception is the process by which we can gain knowledge of the outside world. Traditionally, there are five senses: sight, touch, smell, taste and hearing. However, many now argue that there are others such as a sense of heat, sense of pain, sense of movement, sense of balance and the senses of hunger and thirst. There is though some disagreement as to whether we directly perceive the world as it is, or whether perception is an active process where we supply much of the content of our experiences ourselves. Perception is an awareness of our surroundings; it is produced by operation of our senses. To perceive we have got sight and the ability to smell, hear, feel and taste. Everyday we experience and gain knowledge through what we perceive. All the impressions we get are analysed in the brain, but it is our language or knowledge to it that makes us able to put a name on it. It is language that enables us to express our thoughts and communicate them to others.
Language can refer to the mental faculty which allows people to learn and use complex communication systems, or it can refer to those systems themselves. Language is a crucial part of our daily lives, but is also filled with potential problem areas, for example, ambiguity, sarcasm, irony and translation issues. Language plays an important role in communicating knowledge. However, some see language as having an even more central role, arguing that language doesn’t just describe our experiences of the world but in fact actually structures those experiences.
Emotion is a normative judgement that while language is comprehensive rationality. In a way perception, emotion, language and reason are closely related. Perception is more often than not influenced by emotions, the impressions are then expressed through language, and language is used to communicate thoughts and to reason with people or simply to seek clarity and order. The naturalistic view of emotions is that they are the products of natural processes, with physiological causes and effects. One supporter of this view was Darwin, who believed that emotions are purely physiological and therefore universal and experienced across all cultures. There is a Chinese proverb, “qing ren yan li chu xi si”, that is literally translated to mean, “in the eyes of a man who loves a woman, no matter how ordinary she is, he believes that she is the most beautiful woman in the world.” This proverb implies that love is blind and can distort one’s view of another person. Emotions thus overrule objective, rational thought, undermining the capacity for reason entirely.
Therefore we see that not only are all the ways of knowing related but also have a great impact on one another . Ways of knowing should not be viewed in isolation. They interact in various ways in the construction of knowledge. For example, even a simple claim such as “this table is made of wood” involves a number of ways of knowing. Language is needed to be able to understand the terms “table” and “wood”, but at the same time a conceptual system based on reason to realize that a table is something that has the possibility of being made of wood. sense perception is needed to recognize that what is seen is a table and that it is made of wood. In this way, the individual ways of knowing are woven together into more elaborate structures in order to generate knowledge.
By assuming that the essay question is right, one automatically puts language above the three other ways of knowing. One would claim that without language knowing would be impossible, that only language could create reality. Does language direct perception, emotions and reason? When it seems that all the ways of knowing are interdependent on each other.


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