Unoccupied Play The child is not playing. They may be in one place and seem like they are not playing but make random movements. Not engaged in play (Isbell & Raines, 2012). This type of play refers to newborns and infants mainly but can occur with older children. This type of play teaches a child how to begin to play. They random movements are practice for using motor skills and learning control of body parts and what they are used for. In newborns and infants creativity can be exhibited by the child simply watching or making sudden movements.
With older children it can be the child just sitting or standing. They may follow the teacher around not participating in play. Solitary Play The child plays alone and is unaware of those around him or her. They are completely engrossed in their own play. The child entertains themselves. This type of play is found in two and three year olds but can be good for older children to have time alone. This type of play is important because it teaches a child how to keep himself entertained, eventually setting the path for being self-sufficient (Rock, n.A creativity exhibited during solitary play may be a child in a room with several children but the child is engrossed in playing with a toy car running it back and forth on the ground making car noises but the child is unaware of those around him or her. Onlooker Play Child takes an interest in other children’s play but does not join in (Dean, 2008). The child watches others play and may ask questions “Why or What” they are doing. Curious but not ready to join. This type of play is found in younger children age one thru three.
The importance of this type of play is to help develop vocabulary and learn to observe others play. If the child is shy they may prefer playing this way to get to know the person. This is also a way to learn how to play by observing. A creativity exhibited during onlooker play may be a child standing and watching children during water play but not participating. They may ask questions about the water play but not want anything to do with the other children or the activity. Parallel Play The child mimics other children’s play but doesn’t actively engage with them(Dean, 2008). Children may sit side by side playing with a toy but not interact with each other. This type of play is typical for three and four year olds. This type of play is important to teach children how to take turns, share and mimic other children’s play. Children can learn to mock and role play by what another child is doing. Some children may think of this as “copying”. A creativity exhibited during parallel play is when two children may be in the same area side by side but doing similar activities such as digging in the sand with shovels.
Associative Play Plays with others in an informal way. Communicates about the common activity, but there is no organization of the play (Isbell & Raines, 2013). Involves interaction with other children, they are more interested in what others are doing. This type of play begins in children around age three and continues till around age five depending on the child. The importance of this play is to promote socialization, problem solving, cooperation and language development. Through associative play is how children begin to make real friendships (Rock, n.d. ).
During associative play a creativity exhibited may be two children building a castle out of blocks together but each is doing their own thing. Their actions are not coordinated. Cooperative Play This stage is where all types of play come together. Children begin to interact with each other using their social skills they have learned. Children learn to play with each other and the activity they are doing. They begin to work together. This type of play is found in older preschoolers or children who have been in a setting around other children orhave older siblings. This type of play is important to bring children together and create social skills that will lead them into adulthood. Children learn to share and use teamwork to solve problems. Cooperative play brings together all of the social skills your child has been working on and puts them into action (Rock, n. d. ). Creativity exhibited during cooperative play is children working together as a team to complete an activity such as puzzles, board games, “make believe” and sports. They work together to complete a goal. References