Is the root of evil as deep as birth? In other results, trauma to the skull can activate rimming thoughts but the question still remains: Has this criminal always had the thoughts of a criminal? There is a nerve waiting in the brain to become more obvious to one’s mind to act upon unlawful acts. Keywords: Differences, Criminals, Trauma, Nerves (Brain) Brain chemistry can control the unlawful acts of individual with trauma history. Brain chemistry, which is also known as neuropsychiatry, is a study of the nervous system.
The brain is entirely associated to our personalities. Exclusively, there are six different sections in the brain that Joins to one another to properly function on a daily basis. The brain consists of frontal lobes, parietal lobes, occipital lobes, temporal lobes, a cerebellum, and the brainstem. In a criminal’s brain, it shows differently in comparison to an individual’s brain who is not a criminal. What makes this difficult to analyze is criminals can appear innocent. In an opportunistic twist of science and Justice, these Jailed criminal psychopaths provide a unique chance for researchers to study their brains, and there now exists enough reproducible neurological data to investigate the connection between brain structure and criminal behavior. (Kirk’s Reviews, 2014) However, in 2007, the United States processed approximately 7. 3 million people through the criminal Justice system (Glaze & Bonanza; West & Sabot, 2008) and 53% of U. S prisoners were parents of minors. The structure of people’s brain allows the body chemistry to be known and causes criminal acts.
In addition, the description of each section of the brain plays a huge role in unlawful acts. The frontal lobes are important for: planning, organizing, problem solving, memory, impulse control, decision making, selective attention, and controlling the behavior and motions. The left side of the frontal lobes are in charge of speech and language. When injury occurs to the frontal lobe; emotions, impulse control, language, memory, and social and sexual behavior may have been affected. Occipital lobes maintain healthy vision as in color, shapes and processes visual information.
When this lobe is injured insights of color, size, and shapes may change as well as misrepresentation of the visual field. Temporal lobes take care of recognizing and processing sound and interrupting speech as well as having an understanding. Injury to this side of the head can cause hearing issues, language impediments, and inability to recognize familiar faces. The cerebellum is located in the back of the brain and allows individuals to control balance, movement, and coordination. Injury may affect movement, muscle tone and the way of walking.
Located at the base of the brain is a brainstem that is in charge of breathing, heart rate, blood pressure and swallowing. Injury to this specific part of the brain can cause heart rate decrease, as well as breathing and swallowing. Also, as known there are some traits in one’s personality that is unchangeable. But there are also personality traits that are changeable. So, how can the unlawful acts of an individual be altered? Or can it not be altered? Take a sociopath for example. Would it be possible to change them into a saint? No, this is a personality disorder and already diagnosed as a permanent disorder.
Is there medications that will exceed past workable for a sociopath’s mind to not be so chaotic? Yes, but relying on Just medication is not the key because of the fact that too many individuals misuse these medications. Now, if criminals would securely be cocked away in a rehabilitation center where they are monitored daily and have enforced strict rules with all day security then tests could be more accurate. The way the law is set up does not really support this technique of fixing an unlawful individual’s mind. Many traumatic experiences happens daily and society becomes more vulnerable to the pain rather than positive experiences.
The field of criminology has been increasing for years now. Everyone would like to know why, who, and mainly how? Why does individuals feel like he or she needs to react in an unreasonable way? Who is the majority of these individuals and how have they grown to become so harsh to the society. Criminology is the study of nature and the study of qualities amongst unlawful individuals. The life-course perspective to the development of unlawful young adults and grown-ups show that the similarity boils down to childhood history and caregivers history. The major concepts from the life course include: a focus on continuity; change, especially turning points; age, period and cohort effects; and both internal and external forces that may shape life-course development” (Lab, John H; 2004). Imagine having a caregiver who has had issues with the law, someone who cannot responsibly raise a child to be a successor and an accomplished individual. Is this child going to grow up relating to what he or she witnessed as a child or is this child going to be the complete opposite? Life-course theory and research focus on trajectories (long-term patterns) and transitions (short-term events) over time. A staple of life-course research is examining how events that occur early in life can shape later outcomes” (Lab, John H; 2004). Transitions or events in the developmental impact of succession of fife progression can also change one’s behavior. When harsh situations appear, an individual who may have not been a criminal prior to the situation will act in a way such as he or she saw as an adolescent.
In fact, from a child’s infancy to adolescent development, they grow to have a close relationship to the most important figure in their life. Children learn to trust others, regulate their emotions, and interact with the world. To develop a sense of the world that is safe or unsafe, depends on how the environment around them is maintained. Being eased in a home that is unstable or unpredictable, the child learns that he or she cannot rely on the caregiver and that soon turns into the child not being able to rely on anyone to help them.
Depending on how bad the housing is for that child, they tend to start believing the world is a bad place and no one can be trusted. Being more vulnerable to stress, children will begin to have troubles in expressing emotions, and may react violently or completely inappropriate in situations. Stress can impair the development of the brain and nervous system. When children experience such cruel, neglecting, non-meaningful relations with their families they usually internalize and/or externalities stress reactions and as a result may experience significant depression, anxiety, or anger. Traumatic events in childhood increase risk for a host of social (e. G. , teenage pregnancy, adolescent drug abuse, school failure, factorization, anti-social behavior), neuropsychiatry (e. G. , post-traumatic stress disorder, dissociation disorders, conduct disorders) and other medical problems (e. G. , heart disease, asthma)” (Bruce D. Perry, 2003). There are many consequences a child receives when trying to develop into a young adult; emotionally, and mentally while trying to cope with stressful and traumatic experiences. Each year in the United States approximately five million children experience some form of traumatic experience” (Bruce D. Perry, 2003). “Millions more are living in the terrorizing atmosphere of domestic violence. Natural disasters, car accidents, life-threatening medical conditions, painful procedures, exposure to community violence – all can have traumatic impact on the child” (Bruce D. Perry, 2003). Having to go through any of these situations, there re many side effects and symptoms that occur and change what might have been a normal behavior to a behavior that is questioned.
There are medications to help control these devastating symptoms BUT depending on a child’s history, is he or she really responsible enough to maintain a schedule to take medicine? It is rough to be successful and responsible when dealing with disorders that have come from any form of traumatic experience. It can be argued that society is born with a brain chemistry that ensues potential for committing criminal acts. This may be true but how is that potential exposed? Brain chemistry is not altered unless it is “shaken” in some way.
As mentioned earlier, there are two ways this is possible: either through a physical injury or an experience that will never be forgotten. These experiences actually do change the make-up of the brain rather than Just a misleading perception or change of thoughts. The changes that occur are because of the way the brain reacts to the experience. It goes into defensive mode altering the way one reacts to a given situation, stressful or not. This reaction is an example of how the criminal potential presents itself. It can also be debated that when rowing up, children learn more from their peers than their direct caregiver.
Again, some of this is possible. Children spend a lot of time in school and on playgrounds, and the assumption can be made that a great deal of behaviors can be learned from these times. Though children may learn some things from their peers, the majority of behaviors are observed from the person(s) giving care to the child. That person is a sort of role model, whether intended or not and whether bad or good. A child may not wish to commit unlawful acts but the negative behaviors they learn can actually be considered abuse and often lead to crimes later in life.
Though there is a wide margin of reasons people choose to commit crimes, head trauma is most likely the largest contributing factor. All people have a choice to commit a crime but often times, trauma inhibits the ability to make decisions and contemplate right and wrong. Is this to say blame can be placed on injuries for crimes that the injured commits? In many cases, it can be. Previous injuries and experiences are often not considered when a case is going through court. Even when it is, lawyers use it as a tool rather than a diagnosis to promote positive change.