Video Conferencing Over The Local Area Network Information Technology Essay

September 24, 2017 Information Technology

The Investigation for Development of tracking system package, to supervise employees engagement in their undertaking in a WLAN undertaking can be divided into three chief classs.

1. Probe about client trailing and supervising the affiliated clients ‘ activity

2. Probe about voice communication and file reassigning techniques

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3. Probe about web programming techniques and picture conferencing

Each separate subdivision will be investigated by the three group members separately.

This papers will be covering the “ Investigate Network programming linguistic communications ” and “ Investigate picture conferencing ” parts, In the Investigate Network programming linguistic communications portion the bing Network programming linguistic communications will be investigated. In there it will seek to acquire the specifications of the bing scheduling linguistic communications and look into whether the tracking system package can be developed on top of those linguistic communications.

And in the Investigate Video conferencing portion it will be look into on the scheduling techniques that can be used to implement the trailing system package.

2.0 Network Programming Techniques

2.1 Network Programming Languages Network scheduling is indistinguishable to client-server scheduling or socket scheduling and it is used to compose a computing machine plan which will pass on with other plans across a computing machine web.

Socket – based communicating is independent from the scheduling linguistic communication used to implementing it. As an illustration the socket plan which is written in Java could pass on with a non Java socket plan.

2.1.1 Available Network Programming Languages

Network scheduling is chiefly done utilizing Python, C/C++ , C # , VB, Java.


Python is a general intent scripting linguistic communication which follows the object oriented programming methodological analysiss and can be applied to a assortment of jobs. Python is surprisingly portable and can be found in many runing systems. A It has a refuse aggregator and dynamic type system. Code readability in head was the cardinal characteristic of design of Python sentence structure. Python can be expanded by adding new Faculties that include maps, types or variables through compiled C / C++ maps.

Why we should utilize Python for socket scheduling?

Popularity and high use of striking books in the figure one ground to larn and utilize Python. High user base and increasing figure of applications which is programmed utilizing Python do it a worthwhile investing.

Python has some advantages over other scripting linguistic communications such as simple sentence structure and conceptually clear, which makes it easy to larn. When it comes to complex informations constructions Python is more descriptive and easy. The built-in big sum of Library faculties is Pythons advantage over Ruby.


Socket scheduling in Ruby

Ruby a high-performance scheduling linguistic communication

Ruby is Highly flexible

-processing text files

-network scheduling

-application prototyping

-system disposal

-web development

Ruby issues in many different environment

Minimizes package development

VB Socket scheduling in VB

really easy

for little plan it great

it is easy to larn ( GUI based aces )

it is non excessively good for large plans or mathematical job

better interface

easy socket scheduling

onslaughts there is no batch exploit much write for VB ( most hacker write their feats foremost with C )

If you want to merely compose socket plan usage VB ( it ‘s excessively easy and it is really interesting for the user )


Socket scheduling in C

Some good grounds for socket scheduling in C linguistic communication

C is non really easy for novices

C is PORTABLE ( both Linux and Windowss, but VB is non )

C codifications are human clear

C is excessively fast ( write fast plan for socket programming utilizing C )

C #

Socket scheduling in C #

System.Net and System.Net.Sockets are the built-in libraries provided by the.NET model for web scheduling. Using this libraries coder can compose a plan which will pass on across the web. Either connectionless or connexion oriented communicating mechanism could be used. UDP and TCP are the normally used protocols to pass on across the web.

2.2 Socket Programming Techniques

2.2.1 Introduction to Sockets

Why Sockets?

-Used for Inter-process communicating.

What are Sockets?

-End-point of inter-process communicating.

-An interface through which processes can direct / receive information [ ] [ 1 ]

Socket Types

STREAM – utilizations TCP which is dependable, stream oriented protocol DATAGRAM – utilizations UDP which is undependable, message oriented protocol RAW – provides RAW information transportation straight over IP protocol ( no conveyance bed )

Sockets can utilize

“ Unicast ” ( for a peculiar IP reference finish ) “ Multicast ” ( a set of finishs – 224.x.x.x ) “ Broadcast ” ( direct and limited ) “ Loopback ” reference i.e. 127.x.x.x

2.2.2 Implement UDP Sockets

Algorithm for UDP client

-Find the IP reference and larboard figure of server -Create a UDP socket -Send/ receive informations with waiter utilizing the socket -Close the connexion

Algorithm for UDP waiter

-Find the IP reference and larboard figure of server -Create a UDP waiter socket -Bind the waiter socket to server IP and Port figure ( This is the port to which clients will direct ) -Send/ receive informations with client utilizing the client socket -Close the connexion with client

[ 4 ]

3.0 Video Conferencing over the Local Area Network

Video conferencing can add value to concern which helps to a greater extent in today ‘s universe. This enables the users to pass on maintaining oculus contacts online. There is no demand to go along, organize traditional meetings to do of import determinations. This save clip every bit good as cut down the cost-Improved employee satisfaction

-Improved employee satisfaction

-Improved work/life balance

-Cultivate concern relationships

-Faster determination devising

-Immediate entree to remote experts

3.1 Available picture conferencing protocols

3.1.1 H.323

H.323 ( H.323 Narrow-band videoconferencing over non-guaranteed quality-of service

Package webs ( LAN, Internet, etc. )

ITU Telecommunication Standardization Sector ( ITU-T ) recommends H.323 as the protocols to supply audio-visual communicating Sessionss on any package web. The H.323 criterion addresses call signaling and control, bandwidth control, multimedia conveyance and control for point-to-point and multi-point conferences.

Using H.323 give us more advantages ( contain batch of protocols… etc ) when implementing package like tracking system for LAN.

3.1.2 Communication criterions

There are some of import protocols from above chart. [ 3 ]

Name signaling and control

H.225.0: Media Stream Packetization and synchronism on non-guaranteed quality of

H.230: Frame synchronal control and indicant signals for audio ocular Systems.

H.245: Control of communications between ocular telephone systems and terminal equipment on non-guaranteed bandwidth LANs ( H.323 )

Ocular Communication

H261: The H261 umbrella sits the undermentioned criterions

H.221: Frame construction, protocol and video/audio synchronism

H.230: As above but for MCU communications

H.242: Inter -device communicating i.e. in-band information exchange

H.263: is considered as a newer algorithm which is optimize for lower information rates and used for compaction. Originally H.263 was developed under the H.324 umbrella for coding picture at really low informations rates ( 15K-20K bits per second ) . Performance wise H.263 is superior to H.261 particularly at informations rates below 128 Kbps.

H.263 has five declaration manners:

-SQCIF ( 128 pels per line by 96 lines )

-QCIF ( 176 pels per line by 144 lines )

-CIF ( 352 pels per line by 288 lines )

-4CIF ( 704 pels per line by 576 lines )

-16CIF ( 1408 pels per line by 1152 lines )

H.263 is compulsory for H.323 and it is considered as optional for all other H.3xx recommendations.

Both the sub-QCIF ( SQCIF ) and QCIF declaration manners are decoded utilizing H.263 and is it used to encode either the SQCIF or QCIF manners. All other declaration manners are Optional.

Audio communicating

G.711 – It is mandated by all H.3xx recommendations ( except H.324 ) . G.711 codes toll-quality ( 3 KHz parallel bandwidth ) sound into 48, 56, or 64 Kbps.

G.722 – Optional recommendation. G.722 codifications enhanced quality ( 7 KHz parallel

Bandwidth ) Audio into 48, 56, or 64 Kbps.


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