Vietnamese Ao Dai Vietnamese Ao Dai is a fashion of all fashions in the country. In old days it was both for men and women and was preferred by people of all classes. Men’s clothes – loose garment reaching from the neck to about the waist called Ao Coc (short blouse) and loose trousers – were usually brown (in the North) or black (in the South) to suit them when they did farming. On special occasions, men join the rituals or festivals with their formal blouses and white trousers or even Ao Dai.
Red Ao Dai and red trousers were only for old men on their longevity wishing ceremony when they reached the age of 70, 80 for a simple reason that red would bring people good omen, however, white one was forbidden to wear if someone attended the court. In some cases, clothes were also a status symbol – silk or gauze Ao dai with buttons made of brass or other precious metals were only for middle of upper class.
In 1930s, Ao Dai was close with women’s daily activities so it could be seen by the images of old women going to the church or pagoda, of young girls walking on the way home after classes, of busy vendors selling vegetables of all kinds in the Saigon’s streets. It had provoked cultural researchers in France. In 1950s and 1960s, Ao Dai had been known in other countries and left people deep impression. They all realized that it was a strangely special dress showing all the fair sex’s beautiful features and attractive secretiveness than any fashion no matter what color and material it is or who dresses it.
It is said that Vietnamese’s broad – mindedness is a factor that has considerably influenced to national costume. Moreover, Ao Dai also suits American or European women. They always have the feeling of being more delicate, graceful and in fact, the feeling of being active in Vietnamese Ao Dai. By the time Ao Dai, which is a harmonious creation from characters Ao Ba Ba (like Ao Dai but with two short flaps) of Kinh people and traditional long dress of Cham people in the middle of 18 century, has been changed in its style.
Firstly, Ao Dai was loose with two flaps reaching about knees and covering the whole body and fastening by a diagonal line of brass buttons on the left chest. After the 1st world war, men only worn Ao Dai when joining ceremony or rituals while European suits were tended to prefer, on the contrary it has been proved to be Vietnamese women’s immaterial possession of all times. Because of cultural exchanges between Vietnam, China and Western countries, our traditional Ao Dai have been constantly changed to modern styles, especially from 1930s on, with higher collar, longer and lager flaps tighter trouser.
It was begun with the innovation of artist Cat Tuong (1930s) – a member of Tu Luc Van Doan (a group of writers) – and later of Artist Le Pho (1950s) then changed by the reform and selection to meet the real needs, environment and aesthetic sense. Ao Dai has become the most perfect and famous Vietnamese public work. From 1935 on pictures of women in new styled Ao Dai could be seen in magazines. However, Ao Dai with flaps reaching ankles hadn’t been fashionable until 1950. From 1954 – 1958 there weren’t many changes in Ao Dai style.
The whole suit was made from the same piece of material then white or black trousers were referred to accord with Ao Dai of all color. At this time, there was a tendency for well – off ladies in their weddings that an embroidered thin Ao Dai was accompanied with another thicker Ao Dai inside. There were some other variants of this dress with loose spreading sleeves or chemist collars or even with a saw lower in front of the chest part. Material plaited buttons like those of Chinese or ladies in the North high land were used instead of metal ones.
As 1950 fashion – Ao Dai was saw lower at the chest whereas a long satin or silk scarf was use as a replacement of the high collar. This kind of style not only was extremely suitable with the tropical weather but also made them look more attractive. Nowadays Ao Dai is sawed a little bit higher at hips and multiplied in different colors, motifs and becomes tighter. However, Ao Dai is also the heritage that extremely shows the sensibleness and secretiveness of Vietnamese lady. In this tight garment with high collar, long sleeves as well as long flaps, Vietnamese ladies are always look elegant and graceful.
There is a saying that ” Vietnamese Ao Dai covers everything but hides nothing”. This secretive attraction is absolutely suitable in the modern time but still maintains the Vietnamese identity. One special character of this kind of dress is it could produce in a mass scale. Care must be taken from measuring one’s shape then cut out a garment and finally sewing. For those reasons, each Ao Dai would perfectly suit to an individual only. Ao Dai is considered as Vietnamese traditional clothes and highly appreciated by old and young generation in Vietnam and friends around the world.
Ao Dai in Vietnam not only reminds people of tradition, identity but also contributes to the serious manner of working places and becomes the most charming costumes of Vietnamese bride (and also of the groom) in wedding day. AoDai fashion _ Recent tendency Ao Dai nowadays has been changed in some details that more and more embellishes women’s beauty and becomes suitable with the atmosphere of rituals, ceremonies and work places. Some of the following characters are recent tendency of Ao Dai. Material and color: To old women, velvet Ao Dai is the most suitable.
Actually, Silk is the best garment for Ao Dai. It is not too thick but thin enough to make people slender look and comfortable feeling even though the dress is rather tight and they have to wear it in hot weather. Color of Ao Dai plays an important part to its look. As other clothes, color of Ao Dai closely links with dressers’ hobby, form and age so it could be in any color. However, color of Ao Dai is always careful choice. A garment for Ao Dai could be for the whole suit (dress and trousers) or for the dress only.
In this case, trousers could be white or black. Motif: From 1980 on high school students’ Ao Dai uniform is always white, usually without motif. Others could be with motives of flowers, dragon and phoenix which is painted or embroidered in the flaps or chest part. Collar: Up to each people, it could be high or low or even without collar. Actually, 2 – 4 cm high collar is the most preferred. Sleeves: In the old days, the sleeves were united with the dress at the middle of underarms. Raglan sleeves are the most fashionable from 1960.
Sometimes sleeves are loose at the sleeves’ mouths. Buttons: Once buttons were brass or precious metals and fastened diagonally on the left chest and later on, on the right chest. Buttons now are make from normal metal or orther natural materials but in a way that is more useful and suitable with the look of the dress Other accessories: They could be some common jewels but silver or golden bracelet seems to be the most suitable to go together with Ao Dai. A shawl or a muffler in this case could be ladies’ charming feature.
The images of Ao Dai in modern time Ao Dai has become an important part of Vietnamese and culture of the nation. Therefore, it isn’t a coincident if Ao dai presents so frequently in art’s field as well as in real life. The first image of Ao Dai that left a child deep impression is grandmother’s when he or she is allowed to go with her to visit relatives on special days or come to the parties. It is also the image that the child usually sees in morning when mother goes out for work and wait for in late in the afternoon when she returns home.
Later, if the child is a girl, the dress would be her uniform in high school, on the contrary, if the child is a boy, exactly when he is a student, his heart could be touched by one of his lovely classmate who is in white Ao Dai Time passes by, Ao Dai then may be costume for female officers, teachers and for the groom and the bride on their wedding day. Actually, the dress has been shared with people most of their unforgetable memories or important events in life.
Ao Dai closely links with the nation as well as its ups and downs but it is always an attractive topic to all people from artist, models, singers who make shows or perform in Ao Dai to audiences who decide those shows are successful or not. Plenty images in praise of the beauty of Ao Dai itself and, of course, of ladies wearing it could be found through poems, pictures, movies. Ao Dai is extremely a formal costume for ladies at work, even those when they deal with political affairs.
It has been said that Vietnamese female politicians absolutely success at international conferences for both their talent and also charming look. To foreign people, Ao Dai has been a familiar image reminding them of a small country but with a civilization of four thousand years through which the traditional costume is one of the most creative works as a matter of course. To have an Aodai seems to have chance to understand more about Vietnam and its culture and so shorten the gap between them and Vietnamese.
To be rich, in this case, is to own some values that is more than a garment. Ngu? n http://www. overlandclub. jp/en/info/vn_aodai. html Bai 2: The non: headgear and symbol of Vietnam Every country has its national headgear. The French has been famous for their beret, the American has their own baseball cap and the Russian warm their head by fur hat In Vietnam, no kinds of hat should be mentioned here but Non (or Noun in Vietnamese language). people say that along with the graceful silk Ao dai, non has become a sort of informal Vietnamese national recognized worldwide.
Nobody knows when the first non came into fashion in Vietnam, but doubtless it dates back to the region’s earliest civilization thousands of years ago. Firstly, with a conical shape and shoulder – large rim it extremely suits the peasants when they are at work. This hat is keep the face and shoulders safe if they are working in the field in nay kind of weather. Later it is also used by ladies of middle class when they have to go out. Actually, non has been made by palm leaf and bamboo which are always available in the country. Making non seems to be rather simple.
At first leaves are laid out under the sun to dry then whitened. After that, bamboo spokes are separately rounded by a wooden frame so that those rings could be in certain sizes and in the agreement at a center so that it would be conical when leaves are stitched in a bamboo rings. Finally there would be some decoration to make non nicer. A simple non with no frills may take a person some hours to finish. In Vietnam, non has been make from the North to the South to meet domestic need so there are different in character between nons made from different place.
Non of Hue has been famous for its lightness and supple, Non Quai Thao (a flat non) of Vinh phu or Bac Ninh remains the chronic charming while non of Quang Binh has been known for its elaborate decorations. Non, of course, is normally to use as a headgear but in some case, non is a special basket if it is upside – down. To some tourists, non becomes a souvenir for their friends or attractive wall – hanging that remind them of the place they have come and have been deeply impressed.