In every spiritual group. each has its ain belief of God’s being and decease. Each besides has its ain tradition or patterns that reflect the group’s beliefs. Such tradition and patterns make every group unique from one another because it besides reflects their roots. historical beginning. and manner of life. One of the alone groups that have long been in being is the Apache Indian Tribe. They besides have their ain exceeding belief and patterns about God and decease. Brief Background of the Apache Indian Tribe
Equally early as Spanish geographic expedition. the Apache Indian folks have already existed in some lands of the United States. From 1200 to 1500. the Apache folks. who originated from the Atabaskan household of Canada. started to busy the fields in Southwest and Northern Mexico and extended towards northern Arizona ( Hoxie. 1996 ) . The Apache folk was divided into six different folks talking in their ain idiom viz. ; “Western Apaches. Chiricahuas. Mescaleros. Jicarilla. Lipan. and Kiowa” ( Hoxie. 1996. P.
27 ) . The word Apache was coined by the Zuni which means “enemy. ” but the Apache call themselves as Tinneh which means “the people” ( Waldman. 2008 ) . Each folk is ruled by a captain or head who normally wears an eagle’s feathers a mark of justness. wisdom. and power. Normally. the folk is engaged in agricultural activities. hunting. and raining other folks ( Geroni & A ; Barett. 2007 ) . Religious Beliefs and Practices of the Apaches The Apaches besides have religious leaders called priest-doctor ( Hoxie. 1996 ) .
Traditionally. the faith of Apache folk is focused on “curing. pubescence ceremonials. hunting and agricultural rites. personal power and protection. and counsel for a moral life” ( Hoxie. 1996. p. 28 ) . The priest-doctor is referred to as medicine work forces or medical specialty adult females holding particular gifts and entree to particular power ( Hoxie. 1996 ) . Furthermore. the priest-doctor is tasked to head the rites and ceremonials. Having recognized the religious dimension of life. the Apache name their God as Usen. connoting the properties of a divinity held in their crude faith ( Geroni & A ; Barett. 2007 ) .
Usen is besides regarded as the “Giver of Life” ( Waldman. 2008 ) . Aside from Usen. Apache folks besides believe in the gaan. The gaan refers to the mountain liquors who are normally represented during healing and ceremonial spiritual ceremonials ( Waldman. 2008 ) . Hence. their spiritual belief is polytheistic as they put their religion in two sorts of supernatural existences. Among the Apache folk. Usen is benevolent because they believe that Usen was the 1 who gave them the cognition in doing herbs or medical specialty. every bit good as their accomplishments in hunting and combat.
In add-on. the Apaches besides believe that Usen provided for their places in the West ( Genomi and Barett. 2007 ) . They besides pattern ceremonials and rites in idolizing before their God and the mountain liquors. The usual manner of worship and supplication is dancing. There are dances performed for different sorts of occasions for a peculiar supplication. For case. they call Usen during of import ceremonials like rain dance and harvest dance. They dance to pass on with Usen for rain and for a fruitful harvest.
On the other manus. gaan is highlighted during pubescence and hardening ceremonials which are marked by terpsichoreans have oning mask. The first ceremonial is besides referred to as formal while the latter regarded as informal. Like any other folk. the Apaches believe that life is non lasting. Death is a natural phenomenon. Among Apaches. human psyche consists of two parts. One is associated with the air or breath that gives life upon birth. while the other is the immorality that is regarded as endangering to household of the dead individual ( Crawford & A ; Kelly. 2005 ) .
The first psyche is believed to go out the sole of the pes upon decease and journeys to the land of the dead. while the other is believed to linger in the organic structure or topographic point of decease that can perchance ache or take away lives of his relations ( Crawford & A ; Kelly. 2005 ) . Hence. the decease rites are focused on ways to avoid danger posed by the psyche and to help the psyche in its journey to the land of the dead. Among Apaches. shade is besides an of import component that is avoided during entombments. As a consequence. the Apaches fleetly bury the dead. The house and ownerships of the dead are besides burned to forestall the immorality from aching others.
The household. on the other manus. sublimate themselves by have oning old things to cover and warm them. They are besides moved to another house to get away the dead relative’s shade. Interestingly. some members of the household have their hair cut. Other rites include howling by adult females and shouting by work forces. However. the Apaches discourage unfastened weeping when bereavement as it is believed to do shades appear. Furthermore. the Apaches accept decease in a positive manner because they believe that their departed loved 1s have reunited with their ascendants and their divinity. Decision
The being of the Apache Indian folk in history is considered as singular. Aside from holding established their roots before the declaration of independency. they besides contributed to the cultural growing of the topographic point where they lived. The Apache folk besides lived like any other community with their alone civilization. traditions. and faith. Interestingly. they believe in the being of the Supreme Being through Usen despite being educated by spiritual organisations. Furthermore. they besides believe in life after decease as they prepare rites necessary in assisting the psyche reunite with the Creator.
Crawford. S. Z. & A ; Kelley. D. F. ( 2005 ) . American Indian Religious Traditions: An Encyclopedia. Oxford: ABC-CLIO. Geroni & A ; Barrett. S. ( 2007 ) . Geronimo’s Story of His Life. Boston: Cosimo. Inc. Hoxie. F. E. ( 1996 ) . Encyclopedia of North American Indians: Native American History. Culture. and Life from Paleo-Indians to the Present. Boston: Houghton Mifflin Harcourt. Waldman. C. ( 2008 ) . Apache. Microsoft Encarta Online Encyclopedia. Retrieved February 23. 2009 from hypertext transfer protocol: //encarta. msn. com/text_761552000___0/Apache. hypertext markup language.