What Caused the Dust Bowl Essay

October 5, 2017 General Studies

During the 1930’s. elephantine sand and dust storms hit the western skyline. Many households across the state were struck with the Depression. nevertheless. households populating across the Southern great fields were non merely struck with Depression. but besides by 300 dust storms that ruined all their land. The chief grounds for the cause of the Dust Bowl were the geographics of the Southern Great Plains. heavy machinery. and highly dry clime.

One of the chief causes of the Dust Bowl was the geographics of the Southern Great Plains. A shepherd from the West said. “Grass is what holds the Earth together. ” ( Doc B ) Although the grass in the part was non really tall. the grass and its roots were a barrier that kept the dirt and sand in topographic point. Wheat husbandmans plowed the short grass go forthing the soil exposed and unprotected when the strong air currents struck. making monolithic dust storms as the air current picks the soil up.

Next. the heavy agriculture machinery being used destroyed the fields and finally led to the Dust Bowl. Fred Folker. a husbandman. purchased and used a tractor that did the work of 10 Equus caballuss. ( Doc C ) . By utilizing this new tractor. Folkers was able to bring forth a greater sum of goods than earlier. On top of that. this tractor besides increased the sum of short-grass destroyed. The figure of estates that were harvested between 1899 and 1929 doubled in eight Great Plains provinces ( Doc D ) . This new. heavy machinery that many husbandmans used crushed the soil and dirt into smaller pieces and could easy be swept up into the air by the air currents.

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The concluding ground for the cause of the Dust Bowl was the dry clime. The Western adventurer. John Wesley Powell discovered that the minimal sum of rainfall for successful agriculture on the Southern Great Plains was 20 inches. ( Doc E ) . However. the mean sum of rainfall for famers was between 17 and 18 inches. In Dallas. Texas. the mean rainfall decreased from get downing at 33 inches in 1923. to 12. 74 inches in 1940. The sum of rainfall was non plenty to turn harvests. so a monolithic drouth was caused.

To finalise. the Dust Bowl was a really cheerless clip. Families and people were struck by monolithic storms of dust. along with the Depression. If it wasn’t for the geographics of the Southern Great Plains. heavy machinery. and the highly dry clime. the Dust Bowl would hold ne’er existed. and times back so would be much easier.


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