People commit crimes for many reasons. Maybe they are poor and commit crime to get food, clothes etc. Maybe they are unemployed and bored or rich and bored. Vandalism and drug related crimes are sometimes committed to provide excitement. Usually someone begins by committing a “small offence” which is unpunished. The criminal then commits bigger offences. Crime can become a habit or a way of life. There is no one answer as to why people commit crime. There are many reasons people commit crime, some do it on the spur of the moment because the opportunity afforded it. Some commit crime because they have made a conscious decision to make being a criminal their lifestyle. For many this decision was made in their pre-teen or early teen years. Some commit crime because of the addiction that they have causes them to commit crime to feed the habit. Some commit crime because that is the normal lifestyle that they have been raised in all their life. Some commit crime because they need to do it to fit in with the group they have chosen to associate themselves with – a gang. Some commit crime in the passion of the moment because they have allowed their emotions to take charge of their actions. Many who commit crime either have not thought of the consequences of their actions or think that they are too smart to get caught. They also may have minimized the consequences. There are five theories from the Study of why do people commit crime. It is not only as a field as behavioral research, but as a source of data to make a greater understanding of why do people commit criminal offences.
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The first theory I am going to talk about is Classical theory. This theory believes that crime is caused by the individual free will. They believe that human being are rational, we make decision freely with the understanding of the consequences. Which mean that the decision that we, human beings, make whether it is right or wrong is depend on the individual.