Laws on abortion emerged in the United States in the 1820s that restricted abortion after the fourth month of pregnancy. With the substantial efforts of physicians, American Medical Association and Congress, most abortions were banned by the 1900. Illegal abortions were still frequent, though they became less frequent during the reign of the Comstock Law that outlawed the provision of birth control information and devices. By 1965, all fifty states banned abortion, with some exceptions which varied by state: to save the life of the mother, in cases of rape or incest, or if the fetus was deformed.
Abortion is one of the most controversial issues of our day. People generally have strong views about abortion. It is an emotionally-ladened issue that brings out clashes between two views. The American Psychiatric Association has identified abortion as one of the n addition to that dergone abortion ons a woman experiences in cases of abortion.
For example, studies say that stuff of whichevents that can trigger post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). The death of a child is one of the biggest stress points a person can experience in life. There is a kind of numbing of the senses that happens to women who experience this. It is said that following a woman’s abortion, she goes into what one counselor described as “self-destruct mode”: getting pregnant again, having an affair, punishing herself, and generally showing all the variations that severe depression can take (Sobie, A. n.d.).
Kant believes in freedom and equality of the theory of social contract values. But for him, the civil constitution created by the general will of the people does not necessarily mean the happiness of the people.
The social contract establishes an external relationship that binds every citizen to a shared primary duty, which is coercion in itself although in a deceiving way. “Right is the restriction of each individual’s freedom so that it harmonizes with the freedom of everyone else” (qtd. ind. “The Case” n.d.). In line with this, the general interests and good of the people cannot be under any common principle or any external law that would conform to the freedom of everybody.
Kant’s reason creates rules of conduct (McCormick 2001). This dictates the rightness and wrongness of an action, in this case, abortion. For Kant, moral actions are the results of reason rather than the other way around. Reason is the major factor in determining the general interests of the people. Kant believed in reason but his reason establishes the moral worth of the people because they can think and they could discern whether they are doing the right thing or not. Reason and morality go hand in hand, for Kant. Reason will always follow a law, and that law is represented by the morality of one’s actions.
Morality of man’s actions does not depend on outcome of actions
The theme of Kant’s moral philosophy is how people deserve to be happy and not happiness in itself. The morality of man’s actions does not depend on the outcome of the actions. However, one can control the reason behind the action. The morality then rests upon the motivation behind the action. But a motivation of a positive goal, such as making people happy is not the right motive, according to Kant. “No outcome, should we achieve it, can be unconditionally good.
Fortune can be misused, what we thought would induce benefit might actually bring harm, and happiness might be undeserved. […] It is the possession of a rationally guided will that adds a moral dimension to one’s acts. So it is the recognition and appreciation of duty itself that must drive our actions” (McCormick 2001).
Morality of one’s actions is defined by pursuing a goal with no conditions. The reason is not the means for the ends. “All means to an end have a merely conditional worth because they are valuable only for achieving something else” (McCormick 2001). It is in God that ultimate happiness commensurable to goodness can be experienced. Goodness and happiness can only be reached through actions towards morality, a maxim of duty that disregards the conditions.
Many women dealing with the effects of abortion spend a great deal of emotional energy denying the death and denying that what they did was wrong. It often happens that in order to delude herself into thinking that what she did was wrong, she will deny the fact that what she had undergone was indeed a traumatic experience. A woman uses denial to keep herself from coming face to face with the fact that her child was killed and she allowed it to happen.