William Wordsworth was one of the major poets of his clip honored as England’s Poet Laureate. William Wordsworth was born on 7 April 1770 at Cockermouth in Cumbria. Wordsworth’s childhood was a happy one in many ways. He was born and raised in a beautiful portion of England – the Lake District – and enjoyed great freedom when it came to rolling about the countryside as a immature male child. This clip spent basking nature was to play a big portion in the formation of the poet’s head. and it is something we will cover with in more item when we look at single verse forms. He was besides fortunate to hold siblings who. to changing grades. shared his poetic involvements. However. the fortunes of his young person were non without their sorrows. He lost both parents at a comparatively immature age. and was raised by painstaking but mostly unsympathetic dealingss. Wordsworth attended Hawkshead Grammar School. where his love of poesy was steadfastly established and. it is believed. he made his first efforts at poetry.
After Hawkshead. Wordsworth studied at St. John’s College in Cambridge and before his concluding semester. he set out on a walking circuit of Europe. an experience that influenced both his poesy and his political esthesias. As a immature adult male. Wordsworth developed a love of nature. a subject reflected in many of his verse forms. While analyzing at Cambridge University. Wordsworth spent a summer vacation on a walking circuit in Switzerland and France. He became an partisan for the ideals of the Gallic Revolution. He began to compose poesy while he was at school. Wordsworth’s earliest poesy was published in 1793 in the aggregations An Evening Walk and Descriptive Sketches. Equally of import in the poetic life of Wordsworth was his 1795 meeting with the poet. Samuel Taylor Coleridge. Together the two poets began work on a book called Lyrical Ballads. foremost published in 1798. This aggregation of verse forms. introduced romanticism into England and became a pronunciamento for romantic poets.
Both Coleridge and his sister Dorothy were really influential in Wordsworth’s life and work. The three of them travelled together to Germany in 1797. Wordsworth was non happy in Germany. and it was at that place that he wrote four of the five ‘Lucy verse form. The “Lucy poems” consist of “Strange tantrums of passion have I known” . “She dwelt among the pathless ways” . “I travelled among unknown men” . “Three old ages she grew in Sun and shower” . and “A sleep did my spirit seal” . The “Lucy poems” are written from the point of position of a lover who has long viewed the object of his fondness from afar. and who is now affected by her decease. A 2nd edition of the Lyrical Ballads was published in 1800. In 1802 Wordsworth married Mary Hutchinson and they have four kids.
Wordsworth’s cardinal plants were produced between 1797 and 1808. The Prelude. his long autobiographical verse form. was completed in 1805. though it was non published until after his decease. His following aggregation. Poems in Two Volumes ( 1807 ) . included figure of celebrated sonnets. Thereafter. Wordsworth’s originative powers diminished. His verse forms written during in-between and late old ages have non gained similar critical blessing. William Wordsworth died at Rydal Mount on April 23. 1850. go forthing his married woman Mary to print The Prelude three months subsequently. It was non peculiarly good -received at the clip. but is now recognized as one of the great chef-d’oeuvres of poesy.
Romanticism ( besides the Romantic epoch or the Romantic period ) was an artistic. literary. and rational motion that originated in Europe toward the terminal of the eighteenth century and in most countries was at its extremum in the approximative period from 1800 to 1850. Emotionally it expressed an utmost averment of the ego and the value of the single experience together with the sense of the space and the transcendental.
In Britain. Romantic authors of the first coevals included William Wordsworth and Samuel Taylor Coleridge ( Lyrical Ballads. 1798 ) . William Blake and Robert Burns. The 2nd coevals of British Romantics- Lord Byron. Persey Bysshe Shelley and John Keats absorbed these disruptive influences. wrote fleetly. travelled widely and died prematurely. Their life narratives and letters became about as of import for Romanticism as their poesy. Romanticism does non intend any one thing or one feature. It is. in fact. a corporate term to intend certain characteristics and features. such as mysticism. humanitarianism. supernaturalism. escape. love of beauty. love of nature. love of equality. disaffection. notional. melancholy. admiration. emotional strength. rich imaginativeness. subjectivism. simple enunciation. sensuousness. love for medievalism. etc. It wanted to free literature from dictatorship of the regulations of the ancients. English romanticism is both a rebellion and a resurgence.
It is a rebellion against eighteenth century traditions and conventions ; it is a resurgence of medievalism and old English metres and Masterss of poesy. The Romantic Period in English literature is taken to get down with the publication of Wordsworth and Coleridge’s Lyrical Ballads and terminal with the decease of the novelist. Sir Walter Scott. No other period in English literature displays more assortment in manner. subject. and content than the Romantic Movement of the eighteenth and 19th centuries. The main features of romantic poesy are as follows: All romantic literature is subjective. It is an look of the interior impulses of the psyche of the creative person. The poet gives free look to his feelings. emotions. experiences ideas and thoughts and does non care for regulations and ordinances. The accent is laid on inspiration and intuition. Nature to the Romantics is regarded as something Godhead. It is something truly populating. something that has a psyche and intent ; it can even portion with the poet his joys and sorrows.
All poets were lovers of nature and looked at the beautiful facets of nature. To them. nature was a friend. a lover. a female parent. sister and a instructor. To Wordsworth. nature was both female parent and sister. Romantic poesy is self-generated overflow of powerful feelings. Poetry to romantic poets is non craft but inspiration. The poet does non care for the flawlessness of signifier or lucidity of look. Most of the romantic poets in English are full of melancholy and pessimism. A romantic is dissatisfied single. He may be dissatisfied with the fortunes of his ain. with his age. with literary conventions and traditions of the twenty-four hours. or with the general destiny of humanity. The romantic poets laid accent on imaginativeness and emotion. The eighteenth century neo-classical poets had emphasized on ground and mind.
I’ll analysis the verse form ” I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” written by William Wordsworth In 1804. he wrote the verse form ” I Wandered Lonely as a Cloud” . a verse form besides known as “Daffodils” . The inspiration to compose this verse form came while he was out walking with Dorothy near Lake Ullswater in Grasmere and they came upon some Narcissus pseudonarcissuss turning near the river. The verse form was published in 1807 in Poems in Two Volumes. The verse form “I Wonder Lonely as a Cloud” is non merely a typical romantic verse form. but it besides tells us how a verse form is written in the romantic sense. This verse form is romantic is in its topic and subject. and in its look and word game. The topic is that of the poet’s personal experience in nature. The look is affectional and inventive. The nature is personified. The poet felt that the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss were dancing better than the sea moving ridges. They were happy like the kids.
The rubric. ‘Daffodils’ is a simple word that reminds us about the reaching of the spring season. when the field is full of Narcissus pseudonarcissuss. Daffodils are xanthous flowers. holding an astonishing form and beautiful aroma. A clump of Narcissus pseudonarcissuss symbolize the joys and felicity of life. The verse form contains four stanzas of six lines each. In each stanza. the first line rimes with the 3rd and the 2nd with the 4th. The stanza so ends with a riming pair. Wordsworth unifies the content of the verse form by concentrating the first three stanzas on the experience at the lake and the last stanza on the memory of that experience.
In the first stanza the talker describes a clip when he meandered over the vales and hills. “lonely as a cloud. His pick of words is soft and soft and it is about as if there is soundless music in the background to which the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss are dancing. He is look up toing the beauty around him and capturing a beautiful snatched minute in clip that nature has presented to him. It is as if the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss have come alive merely for him and they have an gfralmost homo like quality in the manner they are acting. In the 2nd stanza the talker goes into more item about the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss. They reminded him of the Milky Way because there were so many flowers packed together that they seemed to be ceaseless. . The talker guesses that there were 10s thousand Narcissus pseudonarcissuss. which were “Tossing their caputs in sprightly dance” : Clearly. the poet has been deeply enchanted by the daffodils’ beauty. accentuated by their alternating swaying motions.
The flowers. looking full of life and beauty. hold un-fettered the poetic imaginativeness of Wordworth. In the 3rd stanza. though he can see the moving ridges of the river move as if in a dance it is no comparing to the public presentation the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss are supplying merely for him. They outdo the “sparkling” waves in a manner that is tickle pinking to him as he looks at the scene and the “jocund” company he is in. He can non assist but experience “gay” at the show presented to him and his pick of words like “sparkling” and “glee” and “jocund” reflect these feelings. The concluding line of the stanza is his indirect thanks to nature for supplying him with “wealth” by seting up a show like this.
The concluding stanza confers poetic significance upon the experience of the old three descriptive and narrative stanzas. In the 4th and concluding stanza the poet describes what he gained from the experience. The poet describes how that scene has affected him because whenever he is indoors in his place and on his ain “in the cloud nine of solitude” the memory of those flowers fills him with pleasance and it is as if his bosom “dances with the daffodils” .
This is a beautiful but simple verse form about the beauty of nature and how animating it can be. The images that Wordsworth uses to depict the scene are like an creative person painting a scene vividly so the reader can see it with his mind’s oculus. You can clearly visualize the twenty-four hours precisely how Wordsworth must hold seen it all those old ages ago. It was interesting how Wordsworth gave the Narcissus pseudonarcissuss an about human quality in the manner they seemed to resemble terpsichoreans dancing in unison as if showing a show. There are riming words at the terminal of every surrogate line of the verse form giving it both continuity and a sense of beat throughout.
1. English Literature from the Restoration Through the Romantic Time period by J. E. Luebering 2. William Wordsworth by Geoffrey Durrant
3. An Outline History of English Literature By William Henry Hudson
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hypertext transfer protocol: //www. poets. org/poetsorg/poet/william-wordsworth