Women’s education in Pakistan
Women are the backbone of a society. They are as equally important as men. The role of women cannot be denied in any society or culture. Women’s tasks are far more complex than only giving birth to mankind. They are first mothers than teachers, motivators, and mentors for kids. Islam said, “a mother’s lap is the first school for child”. A child when born is completely up to his mother and women can raise any being to become whatever she wants to make him/her. But in Pakistan, the rate of women’s literacy remains low as compared to men’s. Women have a low percentage of participation in society. The status of women in Pakistan especially in rural areas is low which is due to social and cultural obstacles. Women Education is very important In Pakistan because Education is very much important for all the people because it is the best source to inculcate civilization amongst the human beings. Being Muslims we should further promote education to the maximum extent so that we can also fulfil the religious obligation of being Muslims. In Pakistan, education is at very minor level and children are not being educated properly and when we talk about the women then the situation is even worse. People don’t send their children to schools and rather educating them they prefer their boys to learn how to work and their girls to learn the work of house so that the earning and working hands might increase. This backwardness of the women is due to the non-equal treatment with them. In developed countries male female are considered equally. This unequal treatment with women takes the country to backward. In Pakistan a system of education with equal opportunities of education to male and female must be provided. Women’s education in Pakistan is a fundamental right of every female citizen, according to article thirty-seven of the constitution of Pakistan. But gender discrimination still occurs in the educational sector. Around 70% of working women in Pakistan work outdoors according to the Asian Development Bank policy brief on female workforce participation in Pakistan 2016. Lack of emphasis on the importance of women’s education is one of the basic features of gender inequality in Pakistan. The Human Development Report (HDR) listed Pakistan in the category of “low human development” countries with a female literacy rate of thirty percent, and Pakistan has ranked 145 in the world in terms of human development. The trend of providing education to women in Pakistan is minute and when we talk about the Northern and tribal areas of the country their literacy rate of women is just 37% which is horribly low. The main reason behind this unfair treatment with the females in such areas is just due to the conservative thinking of such extremist people who consider their females going to educational institution and acquiring knowledge and education is un-Islamic and are against the rules and regulations of Islam. This thinking must be reviewed so that the errors should be eliminated and the females which are kept away from the education should be given equal rights so that they can make them educated and should later contribute to the empowerment of the national economy. Due to liberty and free environment for females in the developed and modernized cities of Pakistan has contributed to increase the literacy rate for women; as the literacy rate of females in such cities is as high as 74.79%. Child marriage is also a critical challenge. Child brides are much more likely to drop out of school and complete fewer years of education than their peers who marry later. This affects the education and health of their children, as well as their ability to earn a living. According to a recent report, more than 41,000 girls under the age of 18 marry every day and putting an end to the practice would increase women’s expected educational attainment, and with it, their potential earnings. According to estimates, ending child marriage could generate more than $500 billion in benefits annually each year.
Napoleon once said:
“Give me educated mothers, and I will give you educated nations”
Why Is Education Necessary for Women? Women education is necessary, therefore because she can’t teach her kid when she has not educated herself. By education, we do not mean literacy only but for good manners, the way of upbringing a child and what to teach him in life is all a woman should know.Without women education, no society can thrive smoothly. In the contemporary times, it is necessary that both men and women should work together to meet the financial needs of their family otherwise, it is impossible to enjoy all the facilities of life. After the industrialization, women rights are hotly debated at all possible forums to improve the lifestyle and standard of the female members of the society. Without women education, this dream cannot be materialized as they will lag behind in this regard.
Importance of Female Education:
Women education is necessary for every female member of the society as the education tailors the talent of women. There are many successful professional women who are working in different fields. They are a source of inspiration for the rest of women class. They are scientists, pilots, army girls, teachers, singers, artists, writers, entrepreneurs, leaders and much more.
Benefits of educating girls and women:
Educating girls and women is one of the most leveraged investments there is. Not only does it bring a range of benefits to the individual girls and women—such as, self-confidence, ability to make informed decisions, critical analysis of propaganda, which is crucial in the battle against the Taliban—it also has a large ripple effect. Educating girls and women improves the health status of children and the economic development of their communities. Every one percent increase in women’s education generates a .3 percent increase in economic growth. Exclusion from the socioeconomic development of the country is one of the root causes of the conflict in Northern Pakistan. The government of Pakistan invests $11 per capita on development efforts in Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) and $25 per capita in the rest of the country. The educational attainment of girls and women in the north is markedly lower than in other areas. The current humanitarian crisis and displacement could provide a window of opportunity for girls and women, many of whom have never before had access to education, to learn critical skills.
Moving forward—identifying and resourcing innovations for girls’ education:
There is a special need to focus concerted efforts on reaching girls and young women. By all accounts, it has been quite difficult, to date, to reach this population with education services. But, we know from lessons learned from other humanitarian crises that displacement can often open up a window of opportunity for girls and women due to shifting and disrupted social structures, challenges to government systems, and new organizations working in communities. From Darfur to Afghanistan, conflict and crises has exacted a terrible toll on populations but has also seen progress in girls’ education. In Darfur, there were more girls enrolled in school last year than before the crisis began. In Afghanistan, home-based schooling for girls has now grown into a government accepted strategy for educating girls in remote areas. What started as a clandestine innovation during Taliban rule has now grown into one of the main approaches for ensuring girls access to school.
To support long-term socioeconomic development, we should all be thinking now about what innovative education approaches for girls and women can be tried and tested in this crisis and then incorporated into educational reconstruction when the displaced people return to their homes in the future. However, this goal can only be realized with substantially more funding given to the humanitarian crisis, which needs over $300 million. Within this, the education sector is only 17 percent funded, one of the sectors in greatest need of donor countries to support it.
Frequent changes in education policies: Our governments have announced different plans and policies to promote literacy, especially among women, as Governments have announced various programs to achieve its educational objectives but they have been unable to translate their words into action because of various social, cultural, economic and political obstacles.Solution of Above Problem:Change of mind of leaders and local landlordsChange the policies of educationBring change in local level through awareness and practical actionEqual access of education male and female
Education is Important in an ideological state, without which nobody can progress towards development both in personal terms as well as a nation state. Education provides the base for both social and economic development. The poor quality of educational system may be one of the most important reasons of downfall.
In Pakistan, the quality of education is on the decline because the government not uplifting the quality and quantity of education. Without teachers’ transformation a nation cannot transform the education system for improving the quality of education. In this regard, a series of education reforms in the area of teacher education were introduced in the public sector but their vision seemed to be narrow, hence, they failed to make any substantial impact on the quality of teachers and teaching process.
Eventually, it further affected the quality of education being offered in schools. Education system of Pakistan is facing new challenges. It has yet to be developed at par with other developing countries in the region.