What is operational health and safety – The identification, evaluation and control of hazards associcated with the work environment. -The goal is to reduce occupational injuries and illnesses associated with employment * Injury = any cut, fracture, sprain or amputation * Illness= any abnormal condition or disorder caused by factors -Why only reduce and not eliminate? Because illness is unforeseeable. Accidents and the employer is not in full control of everything. Science is evolving. It is expensive. -What does associated with employment mean? Legal, economic and moral. Sometimes the line associated with employment and outside employement is a very tricky line to define Why is it important to have a formal system of OH and S ? First lets consider the alternative to a system underwritten by the state- * The market – economics believe the market will look after it self and we don’t require occupational health and safety * Voluntarism by ERS based on common law duty to take reasonable precautions Is this acceptable ? * Economic reasons – direct and indirect costs * Moral reasons – Stakeholders?
The parties involved in occupational health in safety – employers, employees, unions, government, families and broader community, tax-payers, health and safety professionals System Choices What are the governments basic choices for OH and S? * Set up government policies, programs and administrative units to enforce in organizations * Provide facilitation for internal responsibility * Develop some combination of both Which would you really recommend and why? Some sort of state regulation and an internal stability system Having opted for the combination what are your next choices ? What is the governments role …. The SK OH and S legislation = pioneer in Canada of OH and S legislation and the IRS (1972) N. B federal- provincial jurisdictions. * Oh and s division of the ministry of advanced education, employment and Labour * Learn the tasks for which the divisions is responsible : training and technical support inspections enforcement and appeals Internal responsibility system principles * Everyone works together to identify and control hazards, but ers ultimate responsibility * Everyone integrates health and safety into their work Competent management, supervision and employees who work safely. * Effective occupational health committees and OHS representatives NB. The committee is not the IRS. Legislation Key Concepts Due diligence/ duties of the parties * Means that everyone has a legal duty to take every pre Due Diligence- duties of employers Supervisors duties – a supervisor shall ensure that the workers under the supervisors direction comply with the act and any regulations made pursuant to the act that apply to the place of employment
April 5th * Benefits and limitations of the Canadian system… specific solutions FINAL EXAM 6 chapters since the midterm – 3, 5, 6, 11, 12, 13 plus the smith book 3, 4, 5, 7 especially Format – 7 short answer answer 7 out of 9—- 5 marks each – 35 marks total 2 short eassays at 20 marks each with some choice — one required essay at 25 marks –more snthesisi type of question if you use a concept DEFINE IT!!! 100 marks total. She said we should have alot of time.